Learning from the Violence of Others
This concluding chapter argues that, in light of the collective violence and the testimonies of the perpetrators discussed in the previous chapters, initial efforts to prevent collective violence should focus on the establishment of competing platforms of openness and nonviolence as well as minimize priming within potentially violent organizations. Through these steps, the potential for collective violence can be appreciably reduced with more openness in existing security agencies and more flexibility in bureaucratic hierarchies that engage in covert operations, with provisions for questioning policies and directives, as well as for reporting violations of the law. Moreover, a focused effort should also be made to educate members of secret governmental agencies specifically about the cultures and histories of countries and organizations that are the targets of these agencies.
Keywords: collective violence, competing platforms, minimize priming, security agencies bureaucratic hierarchies