Confronting Perpetrators and Victims
This chapter analyzes the types of truth that emerged and clashed during the Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC) hearings—the factual or forensic truth, the personal and narrative truth, the social or dialogic truth, and the healing and restorative truth. The factual-forensic truth drew on legal, medical, and scientific evidence. The personal and narrative truth refers to people's perceptions, stories, myths, and experiences. The social or dialogic truth emerged from the interactions among participants at the hearings. Finally, healing truth is the acknowledgment or placing of information on the public record and affirming that a person's suffering is real and worthy of attention. These types of truth have to emerge in the amnesty process since the granting of amnesty often depended on more than one type of truth.
Keywords: truth, factual truth, narrative truth, dialogic truth, restorative truth