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The School-to-Prison Pipeline

The School-to-Prison Pipeline

Rhetoric and Reality

(p.94) 4 The School-to-Prison Pipeline
Choosing the Future for American Juvenile Justice
Aaron Kupchik
NYU Press

This chapter argues that the ways in which schools perceive and respond to children's misbehavior can increase youth's risk of future punishment, including involvement in the justice system. Schools fail many youth by setting them on the path to prison rather than productive professional and social futures. This occurs when they are excluded from schools, denied necessary educational and social services, and referred to law enforcement for what are often minor infractions. Thus, when students are repeatedly suspended, fail academically, and have their social, emotional, and educational needs unmet by the school, they become ensnared in the criminal justice system.

Keywords:   justice system, social services, law enforcement, minor infractions, criminal justice system

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