The “Hizmet” (“Service”) Movement of Fethullah Gülen is Turkey's most influential Islamic identity community. Widely praised throughout the early 2000s as a mild and moderate variation on Islamic political identity, the Gülen Movement has long been a topic of both adulation and conspiracy in Turkey. This book suggests that the Gülen Movement should be given credit for playing a significant role in Turkey's rise to global prominence. The book draws on fourteen months of ethnographic fieldwork in Turkey and the United States. It argues that the Movement's growth and impact both inside and outside Turkey position both its leader and its followers as indicative of a “post political” turn in twenty-first-century Islamic political identity in general, and as illustrative of Turkey's political, economic, and cultural transformation in particular.