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A New Juvenile Justice SystemTotal Reform for a Broken System$
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Nancy E. Dowd

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9781479898800

Published to NYU Press Scholarship Online: March 2016

DOI: 10.18574/nyu/9781479898800.001.0001

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Doing Things Differently

Doing Things Differently

Education as a Vehicle for Youth Transformation and Finland as a Model for Juvenile Justice Reform

(p.86) 4 Doing Things Differently
A New Juvenile Justice System

Peter E. Leone

NYU Press

This chapter begins with a brief examination of the state of juvenile justice in the United States, including the cost and ineffectiveness of current practices. It then looks at the links between school failure, suspension, and juvenile justice involvement. Education is a vehicle for youth transformation and empowerment. However, it has been largely neglected for youths most vulnerable to juvenile justice system involvement. The chapter argues that school failure and suspension increases youths' risk for delinquency. It then outlines the transformation of the Finnish system from a harsh Soviet model to a system geared to provide support and reorientation for youth. During the past half century, the Finns have transformed their juvenile and criminal justice system from a punitive, expensive, and ineffective one into one that produces better outcomes at less cost without sacrificing public safety.

Keywords:   U.S. juvenile justice system, education, juvenile justice involvement, delinquency, Finnish juvenile justice system, Finnish criminal justice system

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