This chapter looks at how Ethiopia challenges the Rastafari perspective on Ethiopian identity. It begins to frame an analysis of the relationship between the way Rastafari view the meaning of Ethiopianness compared with the way Ethiopians definite themselves. It introduces the disjunction between the Ethiopian perception and that of Rastafari regarding this sense of identity. It presents the Ethiopian perception of Ethiopianness, building on a historiocultural approach and explaining changes that have occurred in Ethiopia during the past century. The chapter looks at the ways in which identity has been formed and reformed, and the conflict resulting from various government initiatives as well as ethnic constructions.
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