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Controlling ParisArmed Forces and Counter-Revolution, 1789-1848$
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Jonathan M. House

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9781479881154

Published to NYU Press Scholarship Online: March 2016

DOI: 10.18574/nyu/9781479881154.001.0001

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The Collapse of the July Monarchy

The Collapse of the July Monarchy

Chapter:
(p.38) 2 The Collapse of the July Monarchy
Source:
Controlling Paris
Author(s):

Jonathan M. House

Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:10.18574/nyu/9781479881154.003.0003

This chapter examines the civil disorders that led to the collapse of the July Monarchy under Louis Philippe. Despite the presence of a large French Army, a strong police force, and an essentially monarchist militia, the July regime, the last French monarchy, was overthrown by political opposition in Paris in February 1848. The February Revolution gave birth to the Second Republic but also provided the background to, and first clash of, an unstable social and political situation that troubled not only Paris but all of France for four months. In order to understand the 1848 February Revolution, also known as February Days, this chapter considers the troops and commanders available to defend the monarchy as well as their previous experience and their planning after the July Revolution of 1830. It also explores the manner in which those contingency plans were modified on the eve of the 1848 crisis and finally, how the government forces were defeated by the populace of Paris.

Keywords:   civil disorders, July Monarchy, French Army, police, militia, Paris, February Revolution, France, February Days, contingency plans

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