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Health in the CityRace, Poverty, and the Negotiation of Women's Health in New York City, 1915-1930$
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Tanya Hart

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9781479867998

Published to NYU Press Scholarship Online: March 2016

DOI: 10.18574/nyu/9781479867998.001.0001

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Introduction

Introduction

Chapter:
(p.1) Introduction
Source:
Health in the City
Author(s):

Tanya Hart

Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:10.18574/nyu/9781479867998.003.0001

This introductory chapter discusses the main topic of the book: infant and maternal health care created for impoverished women in the turn-of-the-twentieth-century New York City. In particular, the text compares the health outcomes of three different groups of poor and working-class women whose stories of infant and maternal health care are linked by New York City's first citywide mortality study in 1915. Poor and working-class African American, British West Indian, and southern Italian women received some of the nation's best health care, albeit shrouded in racially gendered and classed misconceptions and stereotypes of their supposed inferiority. In relation to this, numerous historians of public health have shown that socioeconomic factors and cultural traditions have influenced how client communities have responded to the health care they received.

Keywords:   maternal health care, British West Indian women, African American women, Italian women, infant health care, New York City

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