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Legalizing LGBT FamiliesHow the Law Shapes Parenthood$
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Amanda K. Baumle and D'Lane R. Compton

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9781479857647

Published to NYU Press Scholarship Online: September 2016

DOI: 10.18574/nyu/9781479857647.001.0001

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Routes to Parenthood

Routes to Parenthood

(p.35) 2 Routes to Parenthood
Legalizing LGBT Families

Amanda K. Baumle

D’Lane R. Compton

NYU Press

In this chapter, the authors focus on describing the particular paths to parenthood undertaken by their participants. They examine the demographics of participants as they pertain to the method of becoming a parent (e.g., insemination, prior heterosexual relationships, adoption, marriage, fostering), in order to begin to explore the ways in which individual factors produce family outcomes. The authors further examine some of the rationales offered for selecting a particular route to parenthood, and how legal context plays a role in producing choices and access for routes to parenthood. Findings illustrate that factors such as income prove important in the route to parenthood, including the role that economic differences play in access to surrogacy for gay men. In addition, legal context shapes the particular path to parenthood and participants’ security regarding their parenthood status. Those living in legally positive states and who are non-biological parents of their children, for example, indicated that they were able to acquire parenthood rights via second-parent adoption or marriage. The findings in this chapter indicate the manner in which individual factors and legal context interact to affect choices in paths to parenthood for LGBT parents.

Keywords:   LGBT parents, paths to parenthood, adoption, insemination, surrogancy, fostering

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