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Mississippi River TragediesA Century of Unnatural Disaster$

Christine A. Klein and Sandra B. Zellmer

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9781479825387

Published to NYU Press Scholarship Online: March 2016

DOI: 10.18574/nyu/9781479825387.001.0001

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(p.221) Bibliography

(p.221) Bibliography

Mississippi River Tragedies
NYU Press


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Daniel, Pete. Deep’n As It Come: The 1927 Mississippi River Flood. New York: Oxford University Press, 1977.

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Lawson, Michael L. Dammed Indians: The Pick-Sloan Plan and the Missouri River Sioux. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1982.

Leinwand, Gerald. 1927: High Tide of the Twenties. New York: Four Walls Eight Windows, 2001.

Levitt, Jeremy I., and Matthew C. Whitaker. Hurricane Katrina: America’s Unnatural Disaster. Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska Press, 2009.

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Maney, Kevin. Thomas Watson, Sr., and the Making of IBM: The Maverick and His Machine. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, 2004.

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(p.224) McGurty, Eileen. Transforming Environmentalism: Warren County, PCBs, and the Origins of Environmental Justice. Piscataway, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 2007.

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National Research Council. Mississippi River Water Quality and the Clean Water Act: Progress, Challenges, and Opportunities. Washington, DC: National Academies Press, 2008.

———. Missouri River Planning: Recognizing and Incorporating Sediment Management. Washington, DC: National Academies Press, 2010,

O’Neill, Karen M. Rivers by Design: State Power and the Origins of U.S. Flood Control. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2006.

Otto, John Solomon. The Final Frontiers, 1880–1930: Settling the Southern Bottomlands. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1999.

Petersen, William J. Steamboating on the Upper Mississippi. New York: Dover Publications, 1996.

Pisani, Donald. Water and American Government: The Reclamation Bureau, National Water Policy, and the West. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 2002.

Reed, Betsy, ed., Unnatural Disaster: The Nation on Hurricane Katrina. New York: Nation Books, 2006.

Reisner, Marc. Cadillac Desert: The American West and Its Disappearing Water. New York: Penguin Group (USA), 1993.

Sampson, R. Neil. For Love of the Land: A History of the National Association of Conservation Districts. League City, TX: Association, 1985.

Schneiders, Robert Kelley. Unruly River: Two Centuries of Change along the Missouri. Lawrence: University of Kansas Press, 1999.

Shindo, Charles J. 1927 and the Rise of Modern America. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 2010.

Stegner, Wallace. Beyond the Hundredth Meridian: John Wesley Powell and the Second Opening of the West. New York: Houghton Mifflin, 1954.

Steinberg, Ted. Acts of God: The Unnatural History of Natural Disaster in America. New York: Oxford University Press, 2006.

Thorson, John E. River of Promise, River of Peril: The Politics of Managing the Missouri River. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 1994.

Tindall, George Brown. The Emergence of the New South, 1913–1945. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1967.

Twain, Mark. Life on the Mississippi. New York: Harper, 1951.

United Church of Christ, Commission for Racial Justice. Toxic Waste and Race in the United States: A National Report on the Racial and Socio-Economic Characteristics of Communities with Hazardous Waste Sites. New York: Public Data Access, Inquiries to the Commission, 1987.

U.S. Department of Agriculture (Weather Bureau). The Floods of 1913 in the Rivers (p.225) of the Ohio and Lower Mississippi Valleys. Washington DC: Government Printing Office, 1913.

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Van Heerden, Ivor, and Mike Bryan. The Storm: What Went Wrong and Why During Hurricane Katrina—The Inside Story from One Louisiana Scientist. New York: Penguin, 2007.

Wark, James, and Joseph A. Mussulman. Discovering Lewis and Clark from the Air. Missoula, MT: Mountain Press Publishing, 2004.

Wright, Richard. Uncle Tom’s Children, first Perennial ed. New York: HarperCollins, 2004.

World Bank, Natural Hazards, Unnatural Disasters: The Economics of Effective Prevention. Washington, DC: World Bank Publications, 2010.

Worster, Donald. Dust Bowl: The Southern Plains in the 1930’s. New York: Oxford University Press, 1979.

Zakin, Susan, Bill McKibben, and Chris Jordan. In Katrina’s Wake: Portraits of Loss from an Unnatural Disaster. Princeton, NJ: Princeton Architectural Press, 2006.

Articles, reports, and websites

Abramovitz, Janet N., and Linda Starke. Unnatural Disasters, Worldwatch Paper 158, 2001.

Adams, Edward S., “At the End of Palsgraf, There is Chaos: An Assessment of Proximate Cause in Light of Chaos Theory.” University of Pittsburgh Law Review 59 (1998).

Adamson, Erin. “Breaking Barriers: Topekans Reflect on Role in Desegregating Nation’s Schools.” Topeka Capital Journal, May 11, 2003.

American Society of Civil Engineers. “So You Live Behind a Levee! What You Should Know to Protect Your Home and Loved Ones from Floods,” 2010 (http://content.asce.org/files/pdf/SoYouLiveBehindLevee.pdf).

America’s Wetland Foundation. “About Us.” (www.americaswetland.com/custompage.cfm?pageid=2).

———. “Louisiana Old River Control Complex and Mississippi River Flood Protection” (www.americaswetlandresources.com/background_facts/).

Annual Report of the Chief of Engineers, U.S. Army. Mississippi River Commission. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1926.

Baker, Peter. “FEMA Director Replaced as Head of Relief Effort.” Washington Post, September 10, 2005.

Barry, John M. “After the Deluge.” Smithsonian 34 (2005).

———. “Battling Nature on the River.” Wall Street Journal, April 30, 2011.

Barbier, Edward B., et al. “Economic Valuation of Wetlands: A Guide for Policy Makers and Planners,” 1997 (p.226) (http://www.ramsar.org/cda/en/ramsar-pubs-books-economic-valuation-of-21378/main/ramsar/1-30-101%5E21378_4000_0__).

Bearden, Russell E. “Arkansas’ Worst Disaster: The Great Mississippi River Flood of 1927.” Arkansas Review: A Journal of Delta Studies 34 (August 2003).

Been, Vicki, “Lucas v. The Green Machine: Using the Takings Clause to Promote More Efficient Regulation?” In Property Stories, eds. G. Korngold and A. Morriss. New York: Foundation Press, 2004.

Begley, Sharon. “Man-Made Mistakes Increase Devastation of ‘Natural’ Disasters.” Wall Street Journal Online, September 2, 2005 (www.online.wsj.com/public/article_print/SB112561128847329529.html).

Bell, Abraham, and Gideon Parchomovsky. “Givings.” Yale Law Journal 111 (2001).

Bennett, Hugh. “Soil Erosion—A National Menace.” Scientific Monthly 39 (November 1934).

Black, W. M. “The Problem of the Mississippi.” North American Review 224 (1927).

“A Brief Chronology of What Congress Has Done Since 1824 to Control the Floods of the Mississippi.” Congressional Digest 7 (1928).

Brown, D. Clayton. “Western Tributaries of the Mississippi.” National Waterways Study. U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, 1983 (http://www.iwr.usace.army.mil/docs/iwrreports/WESTERNTRIBUTARIESOFTHEMISSISSIPPIJANUARY1983.pdf).

Brown, Robert M. “The Mississippi River Flood of 1912.” Bulletin of the American Geographical Society 44.9 (1912).

Bullard, Robert D., and Beverly Wright. “Disastrous Response to Natural and Man-Made Disasters: An Environmental Justice Analysis Twenty-Five Years after Warren County.” UCLA Journal of Environmental Law and Policy, 26 (2008).

Burgess, Barbara. “Topeka’s Roots: The Prairie Potato” (2003) (www.barbburgess.com/research-topics/prairie-potato-topeka/topeka-s-roots-the-prairie-potato).

Byrne, J. Peter, “Ten Arguments for the Abolition of the Regulatory Takings Doctrine.” Ecology L.aw Quarterly 22 (1995).

Caffey, Rex. “Louisiana Hurricane Resources, Barrier Islands & Wetlands.” Louisiana Sea Grant College Program, LSU Ag Center, 2005 (www.laseagrant.org/hurricane/archive/wetlands.htm).

Cardi, Jonathan. “Reconstructing Foreseeability.” Boston College Law Review 46 (2004–2005).

Carrns, Ann. “Holes in the Dike: Long before Flood, New Orleans was Prime for Leaks.” Wall Street Journal, November 25, 2005.

Chavis, Benjamin. “Concerning the Historical Evolution of the ‘Environmental Justice Movement’ and the Definition of the Term: ‘Environmental Racism’” (www.drbenjaminchavis.com/pages/landing/?blockID-73318&feedID=3359).

(p.227) Cheshes, Jay. “Annie Gunn’s: Chesterfield, Mo.” Nation’s Restaurant News, May 22, 2006.

Cherny, Robert W. “Graft and Oil: How Teapot Dome Became the Greatest Political Scandal of Its Time.” History Now. Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History, 2009.

Chin, Gabriel J. “The Jena Six and the History of Racially Compromised Justice in Louisiana.” Harvard Civil Rights-Civil Liberties Law Review 44 (2009).

“Citizens Fight Flood Along with Convicts; Rich and Poor at Baton Rouge Unite in Desperate Struggle.” New York Times, May 4, 1912.

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Colten, Craig E. “Environmental Justice on the American Bottom.” In Common Fields: An Environmental History of St. Louis, eds. Robert Archibald, et al. St. Louis: Missouri Historical Society Press, 1997.

Combs, Lanna, and Charles Perry. “The 1903 and 1993 Floods in Kansas—The Effects of Changing Times and Technology.” U.S. Geological Survey, Fact Sheet 019-0 (March 2003).

“Completion of the Jetties.” New York Times Tribune, July 15, 1897.

“Comprehensive and Integrated Approach to Meet the Water Resources Needs in the Wake of Hurricanes Katrina and Rita.” Statement of Scott Faber. Hearings before the Senate Committee on Environmental and Public Works, 109th Congress, 2005 (http://epw.senate.gov/hearing_statements.cfm?id=248649).

Congressional Research Service, Report for Congress. “Federal Flood Insurance: The Repetitive Loss Problem,” 2005 (www.fas.org/sgp/crs/misc/RL32972.pdf).

Costanza, Robert, et al., “The Value of the World’s Ecosystem Services and Natural Capital.” Nature, May 15, 1997.

Craig, Robin Kundis. “Public Trust and Public Necessity Defenses to Takings Liability for Sea Level Rise Responses on the Gulf Coast.” Journal of Land Use and Environmental Law 26 (2011).

Curley, John. “Annie Gunn’s Big Bounce Back.” St. Louis Post-Dispatch, September 20, 2000.

Dahl, Thomas E. “Status and Trends of Wetlands in the Conterminous United States 1998 to 2004.” U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service, 2006.

Dahl, Thomas E., and Gregory J. Allord. “History of Wetlands in the Conterminous United States.” U.S. Geological Survey Water Supply Paper 2425, U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service, March 7, 1997.

Deslodge, Rick. “St. Louis Character: Thom Sehnert.” St. Louis Business Journal, August 17, 2005.

(p.228) “Denies 300 Drowned in Southern Flood; Gov. Brewer of Mississippi Telegraphs The Times That Report Is Untrue.” New York Times, April 21, 1912.

Department of Health and Human Services, “A Chronology of Major Events Affecting the National Flood Insurance Program,” 2002 (www.dhs.gov/xlibrary/assets/privacy/privacy_pia_mip_apnd_h.pdf).

Department of the Interior, National Park Service. “Finding of No Significant Impact, Potomac Park Levee System Improvements.” May 4, 2009 (http://www.ncpc.gov/DocumentDepot/PublicNotices/Potomac_Park_Levee_FONSI_6885_May2009.pdf).

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“Farm Hands Perish at Scott Crevasse: Furious Waters of Mississippi Trap Negro Laborers.” Memphis Commercial Appeal, April 22, 1927.

Federal Emergency Management Agency. “Report on Flooding and Stormwater in Washington, D.C.,” 2008 (www.ncpc.gov/DocumentDepot/Publications/FloodReport2008.pdf).

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Finkel, Jori. “Is Everything Sacred? A Respected Art Dealer is Busted for Selling a Cheyenne War Bonnet.” Legal Affairs (July/August 2003).

Fischer, Claude S. “Technology’s Retreat: The Decline of Rural Telephony in the United States, 1920–1940.” Social Science History 11 (Autumn 1987).

Fitch, George. “The Missouri River: Its Habits and Eccentricities Described by a Personal Friend.” American Magazine 53.6 (1907).

Fletcher, Michael A., and Richard Morin. “Bush’s Approval Rating Drops to New Low in Wake of Storm.” Washington Post, September 13, 2005.

“Flood Control in the Mississippi Valley.” House of Representatives Doc. No. 90, 70th Cong., 1st Sess., December 1, 1927.

“Flood Death Toll Numbers Hundreds; Great Torras Crevasse Alone Takes Scores of Lives in Louisiana Lowlands.” New York Times, May 7, 1912.

“Flood Near Crest; Hunger Kills Scores.” New York Times, May 8, 1912.

Fothergill, A., E. G. M. Maestas, and J. D. Darlington. “Race, Ethnicity, and Disasters in the United States: A Review of the Literature.” Disasters 23.2 (1999).

“Fresh Perils Added to Flood by Storm; Severest Rain in History of New Orleans Renews Danger in Inundated Southern Territory.” New York Times, May 11, 1912.

(p.229) Futrell, J. William. “The IUCN Sustainable Soil Project and Enforcement Failures.” Pace Environmental Law Review 24 (2007).

Galloway, Gerald E., Jr. “Corps of Engineers Responses to the Changing National Approach to Floodplain Management since the 1993 Midwest Flood.” Journal of Contemporary Water Resources and Education (March 2005).

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Germano, Nancy M. “White River and the ‘Great Flood’ of 1913: An Environmental History of Indianapolis,” 2010 (www.mchsindy.org/history/1913flooding_article.pdf).

Gresko, Jessica. “Work to Begin on National Mall Levee.” Associated Press, November 15, 2010.

Goodwin, Derek V. “Raiders of the Sacred Sites.” New York Times Magazine, December 7, 1986 (www.nytimes.com/1986/12/07/magazin/raiders-of-the-sacred-sites.html?scp=3&sq=derek+%22raiders+of+the+sacred%22&st=nyt).

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Guarino, Mark. “Mississippi River Flooding: After Levee Blast, Threat Shifts to Memphis.” Christian Science Monitor, May 3, 2011.

Halper, Louise A. “Why the Nuisance Knot Can’t Undo the Takings Muddle.” Indiana Law Review 28 (1995).

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Hinrichsen, Don. “The Coastal Population Explosion.” Trends and Future Challenges for U. S. National Ocean and Coastal Policy (1999).

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Hodges, Leah. “New Orleans Evacuees and Activists Testify at Explosive House Hearing on the Role of Race and Class in Government’s Response (p.230) to Hurricane Katrina.” Democracy Now! December 9, 2005 (http://www.democracynow.org/article.pl?sid=05/12/09/1443240).

Houck, Oliver. “Floodway into the Atchafalaya Basin Saves New Orleans,” May 6, 2011 (www.nola.com/opinions/index.ssf/2011/05/floodway_into_the_atchafalaya.html).

———. “Rising Water: The National Flood Insurance Program and Louisiana.” Tulane Law Review 60 (1985).

Hsu, Spencer S., and Susan B. Glasser. “FEMA Director Brown Singled Out by Response Critics.” Washington Post, September, 6, 2005.

“Human Dike Used to Hold Back Flood.” New York Times, April 11, 1912 (http://query.nytimes.com/mem/archive-free/pdf?res=9E0CEFD6143CE633A25752C1A9629C946396D6CF).

“Hundreds in Trap as Levee is Blown Away; Army Men Use 2,000 Pounds of Dynamite in Effort to Save Cairo, Illinois.” New York Times, January 26, 1937.

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International Communist League. “Black Oppression and the Great Mississippi Flood of 1927.” Workers Vanguard, April 14, 2006 (www.icl-fi.org/english/wv/868/1927.html).

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Johnson, Gary P. Robert R. Holmes, Jr., and Lloyd A. Waite. “The Great Flood of 1993 on the Upper Mississippi River—10 Years Later.” USGS Fact Sheet 20043024, May 2004.

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Kidder, Tristram R. “Making the City Inevitable: Native Americans and the Geography of New Orleans.” In Transforming New Orleans and Its Environs: Centuries of Change, ed. Craig E. Colten. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 2000.

King, Rawle O. “Federal Flood Insurance: The Repetitive Loss Problem.” Congressional Research Service, RL32972, June 30, 2005.

(p.231) ———. “National Flood Insurance Program: Background, Challenges, and Financial Status.” Congressional Research Service, Report 7-5700, R40650, July 1, 2011.

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Krupa, Michelle. “Ethel Williams Dies at 75: 9th Ward Resident Took Bush to Flooded Home.” (New Orleans) Times-Picayune, January 28, 2009.

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Louisiana Coastal Wetlands Planning Protection & Restoration Act Program, “Mississippi River Basin Dynamics” (http://lacoast.gov/new/about/basin_data/mr/default.aspx).

———. “Mississippi River Delta Basin” (www.lacoast.gov/landchange/basins/mr/).

Lawson, Michael L. “Federal Water Projects and Indian Lands: The Pick-Sloan Plan, A Case Study.” American Indian Culture and Research Journal 7.1 (1983).

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Maantay, Juliana, and Andrew Maroko. “Mapping Urban Risk: Flood Hazards, Race, and Environmental Justice in New York.” Applied Geography 29.1 (January 1, 2009).

Mank, Bradford. “Title VI and the Warren County Protests.” Golden Gate University Environmental Law Journal 1.1 (2007).

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Case Law

Adolph v. Federal Emergency Management Agency, 854 F.2d 732 (5th Cir. 1988).

Alexander v. Sandoval, 532 U.S. 275, 287-88 (2001).

Alfred Oliver & Co. v. Board of Com’rs of Orleans Levee Dist., 169 La. 438, 125 So. 441 (1929).

Allison v. Barberry Homes, Inc., No. 982935, 2000 WL 1473121, at 3 (Mass. Super. Ct. 2000).

Arkansas v. Tennessee, 246 U.S. 158, 173 (1918).

Arkansas v. Tennessee, 247 U.S. 461 (1918).

Arkansas v. Tennessee, 269 U.S. 152 (1925).

Arkansas v. Tennessee, 397 U.S. 88 (1970).

Armstrong v. Francis Corp., 120 A.2d 4 (1956).

(p.241) Big Oak Farms, Inc., v. United States, 105 Fed. Cl. 48 (2012).

Brown v. Board of Education, 347 U.S. 483 (1954).

Carland v. Aurin, 53 S.W. 940 (Tenn. 1899).

Central Green Co. v. United States, 531 U.S. 425 (2001) (abrogating James, 1986).

Cissna v. Tennessee, 242 U.S. 195 (1916).

Cissna v. Tennessee, 246 U.S. 289 (1918).

Cubbins v. The Mississippi River Commission, 241 U.S. 351 (1916).

Culbertson v. Knight, 152 Ind. 121, 52 N.E. 700 (1899).

Danforth v. United States, 308 U.S. 271 (1939).

Empire State Cattle Co. v. Atchison, T. & S. F. Ry. Co., 135 F. 135 (D. Kan. 1905), aff’d, 210 U.S. 1 (1908).

First English Evangelical Lutheran Church of Glendale v. County of Los Angeles, 482 U.S. 304 (1987).

First English Evangelical Lutheran Church of Glendale v. County of Los Angeles (Brief for Appellant), pp. 2–4, 1986WL727409 (1986).

First English Evangelical Lutheran Church of Glendale v. County of Los Angeles, 258 California Reporter 893 (Cal. App. 1989).

Foret v. Board of Levee Com’rs of Orleans Levee Dist., 169 La. 427, 125 So. 437 (1929).

Fryman v. United States, 901 F.2d 79 (7th Cir. 1990).

Gibbons v. Ogden, 22 U.S. (9 Wheat) 1 (1824).

Graci v. United States, 301 F. Supp. 947 (E.D. La., 1969), affirmed, 456 F.2d 20 (5th Cir. 1971), on remand, 435 F. Supp. 189 (E. D. La. 1977).

Gove v. Zoning Board of Appeals of Chatham, 831 N.E.2d 865 (Mass. 2005).

Hoffman Homes, Inc., v. EPA, 999 F.2d 256, 262 (7th Cir. 1993).

Hurley v. Kincaid, 285 U.S. 95 (1932).

In re Katrina Canal Breaches Consolidated Litigation, 471 F.Supp.2d 684 (E.D. La. 2007).

In re Katrina Canal Breaches Consolidated Litigation, 533 F.Supp.2d 615, 634 (E.D. La. 2008).

In re Katrina Canal Breaches Consolidated Litigation, 647 F. Supp. 2d 644 (E.D. La. 2009), aff ’d, 673 F.3d 381 (5th Cir. 2012), reversed on rehearing, 2012 Westlaw 4343775, F.3d (5th Cir. Sept. 2012).

In re Operation of Missouri River System Litigation, 421 F.3d 618 (8th Cir. 2005), cert. denied, 126 S.Ct. 1879-1880 (2006).

Jackson v. U.S., 230 U.S. 1 (1913).

Kelo v. City of New London, 545 U.S. 469 (2005).

Leovy v. United States, 177 U.S. 621, 636 (1900).

Lingle v. Chevron U.S.A., Inc., 544 U.S. 528, 540 (transcript of oral argument, p. 21).

Louisiana Public Service Comm’n v. F.C.C., 476 U.S. 355 (1986).

Lucas v. South Carolina Coastal Council, 505 U.S. 1003 (1992).

(p.242) Mammoth Oil Company, the Sinclair Crude Oil Purchasing Company and the Sinclair Pipe Line Company v. United States, 275 U.S. 13 (1927).

Marsh v. Oregon Natural Resources Council, 490 U.S. 360 (1989).

Matthews v. United States, 87 Ct. Cl. 662 (1938) and 113 F.2d 452 (8th Cir. 1940). Minnesota Chippewa Tribe v. U.S., 230 Ct.Cl. 776 (1982).

Missouri v. Scott, 943 S.W.2d 730, 733 (Mo. App. 1997).

Moffatt Commission Co. v. Union Pac. R. Co., 113 Mo. App. 544, 88 S.W. 117 (1905).

NAACP v. Gorsuch, No. 82-768-CIV-5, slip op. at 10 (E.D.N.C. Aug. 1982).

National Mfg. Co. v. United States, 210 F.2d 263, 270-71 (8th Cir.), cert. denied, 347 U.S. 967 (1954).

North v. Johnson, 59 N.W. 1012 (Minn. 1894).

Palazzolo v. Rhode Island, 533 U.S. 606 (2001).

Palazzolo v. Rhode Island, No. WM-88-0297, 2005 WL 1645974 (R.I. Super. July 5, 2005), on remand from Palazzolo v. Rhode Island, 533 U.S. 606 (2001).

Palsgraf v. Long Island RR Co., 162 N.E. 99 (N.Y. 1928).

Pennsylvania Central Transportation Company v. City of New York, 438 U.S. 104 (1978).

Pennsylvania Coal v. Mahon, 260 U.S. 393 (1922).

Plessy v. Ferguson, 163 U.S. 537 (1896).

Public Lands Council v. Babbitt, 529 U.S. 728 (2000).

Ramold v. Clayton, 77 Neb. 178, 108 N.W. 980 (1906).

Roath v. Driscoll, 20 Conn. 533, 541 (1850).

Sabine River Authority v. U. S. Department of the Interior, 951 F.2d 669, 672 (5th Cir. 1992).

South Dakota v. Ubbelohde, 330 F.3d 1014, 1027 (8th Cir. 2003), cert. denied, 124 S.Ct. 2015 (2004).

Story v. Marsh, 732 F.2d 1375 (8th Cir. 1984).

Surocco v. Geary, 3 Cal. 69, 73 (1853).

Tucker v. Badoian, 384 N.E.2d 1195 (Mass. 1978).

Town of Sudbury v. Dep’t of Pub. Utils., 218 N.E.2d 415, 424 (Mass. 1966).

United States v. Archer, 241 U.S. 119 (1916).

United States v. Caltex, Inc., 344 U.S. 149, 154 (1952), rehearing denied, 344 U.S. 919 (1953).

United States v. Carmack, 329 U.S. 230 (1946).

United States v. Carroll Towing Co., 159 F.2d 169 (2d Cir. 1947).

United States v. James, 760 F.2d 590 (5th Cir. 1985), rev’d, 478 U.S. 597 (1986).

United States v. James, 478 U.S. 597 (1986), citing S. Rep. No. 619, 70th Cong., 1st Sess. 12 (1928).

United States v. Ward, 676 F.2d 94 (4th Cir. 1982).

Wana the Bear v. Cmty. Constr., Inc., 180 Cal. Rptr. 423, 426 (Cal. Ct. App. 1982).

Watts v. Evansville, Mt. C. & N. Ry. Co., 120 N.E. 611 (Ind. App. 2. Div. 1918), (p.243) superseded by Watts v. Evansville, Mt. C. & N. Ry. Co., 129 N.E. 315 (Ind. 1921).

Yankton Sioux Tribe v. United States Army Corps of Engineers, 83 F. Supp. 2d 1047+ (D.S.D. 2000).

Yankton Sioux Tribe v. United States Army Corps of Engineers, 209 F. Supp. 2d 1008 (D.S.D. 2002).

Statutes, Legislative Materials, Regulations, and Executive Orders

69 Cong.Rec. (1928): 5294 (statement of Sen. James Reed).

69 Cong.Rec. (1928): 7011 (statement of Rep. Robert Crosser).

15 U.S.C. § 2605(e); 40 C.F.R., Part 761.

25 U.S.C. § 3002.

25 U.S.C. § 3002(c); 43 C.F.R. § 10.4(d)(1).

25 U.S.C. § 3002(d); 43 C.F.R. § 10.4(b) (2001).

Act of June 28, 1879, 21 Stat. 37.

Act of Mar. 1, 1917, 64th Cong., Pub. Law No. 367.

Arkansas Statehood Act, 5 Stat. 50, June 15, 1836.

Civil Rights Act of 1964, 42 U.S.C. § 2000d.

Coastal Zone Management Act of 1972, 16 U.S.C. §§ 1451-56 (West 2006).

Code of Federal Regulations, volume 44, § 65.15 (NFIP regulations).

Control of Floods on Mississippi River, Senate Rep. No. 70-448 (1928).

Disaster Relief Act of 1950, Pub. L. No. 81-875, 64 Stat. 1109, 81 Cong. Ch. 1125, Sept. 30, 1950.

Exec. Order No. 12,898, 59 Feb. Reg. 32 (11 Feb. 1994).

Flood Control Act of 1928, 45 Stat. 534, 33 U.S.C. §§ 702a-m, May 15, 1928.

Flood Control Act of 1936, ch. 688, 49 Stat. 1570, codified at 33 U.S.C. § 701(a).

Flood Control Act of 1944, 58 Stat. 887, codified in various provisions of Titles 16, 33, and 43 of the U.S. Code.

Flood Control Act of 1965 (authorizing Lake Pontchartrain and Vicinity Hurricane Protection Project).

Flood Disaster Protection Act of 1973, Pub. L. No. 93-234, 87 Stat. 975 (Dec. 31, 1973).

Flood Insurance Reform Act, P.L. 108-264, 118 Stat. 712 (2004).

H.R. Rep. No. 1101, 70th Cong., 1st Sess. 13 (1928).

National Flood Insurance Act of 1968, 42 U.S.C. §§ 4001-4129.

National Flood Insurance Act of 1968, S. Rep. No. 93-583, p. 3219, Nov. 29, 1973.

National Flood Insurance Reform Act, P.L. 103-325, 108 Stat. 2255 (1993).

Public Law Number 84-1016, 70 Stat. 1078 (repealed 1957).

Public Law Number 103-325, 108 Stat. 2255, codified at 42 U.S.C. § 4013(c)(1).

Public Law Number 103-181, § 3 (1993), codified at 42 U.S.C. § 5170c Note.

Public Law No. 109-234 (de-authorizing Mississippi River-Gulf Outlet).

(p.244) Ransdell-Humphreys Flood Control Act of Mar. 1, 1917, Pub. L. No. 64-367, 39 Stat. 948.

Restatement (Second) of Torts § 196 (1995).

Rivers and Harbors Act of 1907, ch. 2509, 34 Stat. 1110, Mar. 2, 1907.

Rivers and Harbors Act of 1930, Ch. 847, 46 Stat. 918, 927, 928, July 3, 1930.

Senate Report No. 93-583 (1973), reprinted in 1973 U.S.C.C.A.N. 3217, 3219.

Soil Conservation Act of 1935, Pub. L. No. 74-46, 49 Stat. 163 (codified as amended at 16 U.S.C. §§ 590a-590q-3).

South Carolina Beachfront Management Act, S.C. Code Ann. § 48-39-290(A).

Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Amendments of 1988, Pub. L. No. 100-707, 102 Stat. 4689 (1988) (codified at 42 U.S.C. §§ 5121-5202 (1988)). The 1988 amendments incorporated the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act of 1974, Pub. L. No. 93-288, 88 Stat. 143 (1974).

Tennessee Statehood Act, 1 Stat. 491, June 1, 1796.

Water Resources Development Act of 2000, § 101(b)(18).


1913 Flood Postcard Collection. Dayton, Ohio, Metro Library (http://content.daytonmetrolibrary.org/cdm4/browse.php?CISOROOT=%2Ffloodpost)

The Center for Land Use Interpretation. “Old River Control Structure,” Photo Archive #LA3126 (http://ludb.clui.org/ex/i/LA3126/).

Coovert, J. C. “Floods,” 2001 (www.jccoovert.com/floods/flood_gallery.html).

“Fatal Flood, Maps: Comparing Floods.” Public Broadcast Service (www.bps.org/wgbh/amex/flood/maps/index.html).

Fessler, Pam. “New Orleans Public Housing Slowly Evolving.” Weekend Edition Sunday, National Public Radio, August 29, 2010 (www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=129448906).

“Flooded Missouri Farmers File Suit against Government.” All Things Considered, National Public Radio, May 3, 2011.

Inskeep, Steve, and David Greene. “President Bush Returns to New Orleans.” Morning Edition, National Public Radio. August 29, 2007 (www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=14016105&ps=rs).

“Losing Ground: The Disappearing Delta.” Bill Moyers’ Journal, September 6, 2002 (http://www.pbs.org/moyers/journal/archives/losingground_ts.html).

Siegal, Robert. “Letters: Cussing, Economy, Katrina.” All Things Considered, National Public Radio, January 27, 2009 (www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=99919399).

Sullivan, Bob. “Wetlands Erosion Raises Hurricane Risks.” MSNBC.com, August 29, 2005 (http://www.nbcnews.com/id/9118570/ns/technology_and_science-science/t/wetlands-erosion-raises-hurricane-risks/).

Survey USA. “Approval Ratings for All 50 Governors; Profile: Ray Nagin.” BBC News, May 21, 2006 (www.news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/americas/4623922.stm). (p.245)

“Why Societies Collapse: Jared Diamond at Princeton University.” Australian Broadcasting Corporation, October 27, 2002 (http://www.abc.net.au/radionational/programs/backgroundbriefing/why-societies-collapse-jared-diamond-at-princeton/3526390). (p.246)