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Gender, Psychology, and JusticeThe Mental Health of Women and Girls in the Legal System$
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Corinne C. Datchi and Julie R. Ancis

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9781479819850

Published to NYU Press Scholarship Online: January 2018

DOI: 10.18574/nyu/9781479819850.001.0001

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Women and the Criminal Justice System

Women and the Criminal Justice System

A Psychology of Men Perspective

Chapter:
(p.280) 11 Women and the Criminal Justice System
Source:
Gender, Psychology, and Justice
Author(s):

Jonathan Schwartz

Jennifer Bahrman

Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:10.18574/nyu/9781479819850.003.0012

This chapter takes the theoretical perspective of the psychology of men to describe how the criminal justice system operates in ways that perpetuate men’s dominance and reproduce gender bias. Prostitution and human trafficking are used as examples to discuss men’s role in the judicial management of these key social issues. The concepts of hegemonic masculinity, gender role socialization, and gender role strain are discussed in relation to men’s attitudes and behaviors towards women involved in prostitution. They also help to explain men’s legal invisibility and lack of legal accountability in the sex trade. This chapter examines current efforts to involve male consumers of illegal sex services in the prevention of prostitution and sex trafficking. It also argues for a preventative, male-focused approach to women’s crimes that places responsibility on men to change their beliefs about gender roles.

Keywords:   psychology of men, gender role strain, hegemonic masculinity, sex trafficking, prostitution

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