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Gender, Psychology, and JusticeThe Mental Health of Women and Girls in the Legal System$
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Corinne C. Datchi and Julie R. Ancis

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9781479819850

Published to NYU Press Scholarship Online: January 2018

DOI: 10.18574/nyu/9781479819850.001.0001

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Women and Adult Drug Treatment Courts

Women and Adult Drug Treatment Courts

Surveillance, Social Conformity, and the Exercise of Agency

Chapter:
(p.101) 4 Women and Adult Drug Treatment Courts
Source:
Gender, Psychology, and Justice
Author(s):

Corinne C. Datchi

Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:10.18574/nyu/9781479819850.003.0005

Drug courts offer community-based correctional alternatives to incarceration and target nonviolent felons who engage in criminal activities to sustain their drug use. They use a variety of technologies and sanctions to monitor drug offenders’ adherence to a sober, prosocial lifestyle and to enforce their compliance with drug treatment. The scope of the court’s surveillance power extends to the addicts’ home, place of employment, treatment provider, and recovery community. This chapter examines women’s experiences of the court’s surveillance and use of legal power to mandate treatment. It also highlights the medical and psychological theories that operate within drug court and inform the court’s understanding of addiction and deviance, in particular the idea that addiction is a disease beyond the control of the individual. It reviews the research on the effectiveness of drug courts in light of empirical knowledge about substance-using women and makes recommendations for enhancing gender responsiveness and multicultural competence in drug courts.

Keywords:   drug court, addiction, women, multicultural competence, gender responsiveness

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