European Revolutions of 1848
This chapter focuses on the third “echo” of American constitutionalism abroad: the European revolutions of 1848. It first considers the three “isms” reflected in the revolutions of 1848: industrialism, liberalism, and nationalism. It then discusses the influence of American constitutionalism on five European constitutions, namely, those of France, Germany, Switzerland, Hungary, and Italy. It also examines how, during this period, the United States proselytized the idea of republicanism and representative democracy as Americans viewed the world in terms of a struggle between republicanism and monarchy. Finally, it describes the rise of a new spirit of liberalism in Europe despite the defeat of the revolutions.
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