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Muscular NationalismGender, Violence, and Empire in India and Ireland, 1914-2004$
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Sikata Banerjee

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780814789766

Published to NYU Press Scholarship Online: March 2016

DOI: 10.18574/nyu/9780814789766.001.0001

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Politicized Femininity and Muscular Nationalism in the Postcolonial Context

Politicized Femininity and Muscular Nationalism in the Postcolonial Context

Naxal and Armagh Women

Chapter:
(p.107) 4 Politicized Femininity and Muscular Nationalism in the Postcolonial Context
Source:
Muscular Nationalism
Author(s):

Sikata Banerjee

Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:10.18574/nyu/9780814789766.003.0005

This chapter focuses on the politics of Naxalism and modern Irish republicanism to study earlier social anxieties about political women, embodied by the “terrorist” women of Bengal and the female activists of the Cumann na mBan, as discussed in the previous chapter. The two militant movements occupied an ambiguous political space in the social borders that separated normative masculinity and femininity in the nation. By drawing on female participation in Naxalism (1969–1972) and republicanism, the chapter highlights that the political ideologies underlying both these struggles center on the male body as well as activated feminine icons—which are rooted in the image of chaste, pure women—as the border guards of the nation.

Keywords:   Naxalism, Irish republicanism, terrorist women, Cumann na mBan, masculinity, femininity, political ideologies

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