Why Contagion Matters
This concluding chapter shows that there is strong evidence of contagion on women's political representation. While there is strong evidence of contagion overall, its influence manifests itself in different ways, depending on the institution under study. The lagged percentage of women in the legislature was a significant predictor of women's political participation. Additionally, quotas had a significant influence on women's representation in the legislature. In looking at the factors that raise the probability of a female executive, it was found that the percentage of women in the legislature and the presence of a reserved-seat quota were both significantly related to the higher probability of a female executive. Finally, given that legislatures are often involved in the selection of judges, because they either select or approve judicial nominees, the connection between having more women in the legislature and the selection of more female judges is clear.
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