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Judging AddictsDrug Courts and Coercion in the Justice System$
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Rebecca Tiger

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780814784068

Published to NYU Press Scholarship Online: March 2016

DOI: 10.18574/nyu/9780814784068.001.0001

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“Enlightened Coercion”

“Enlightened Coercion”

Making Coercion Work

(p.73) 4 “Enlightened Coercion”
Judging Addicts

Rebecca Tiger

NYU Press

This chapter examines how medicalized theories of addiction became the basis for the broad support for drug courts and for advocates' argument in support of enlightened coercion. It begins with a historical overview of medical interpretations of deviance that have come to dominate society's understanding of what causes people to break norms and how to “fix” this rulebreaking. It then considers the cultural proliferation of the concepts of health and illness and their expanding social reach in relation to the simultaneous intensification of medicalization, reconfigured as biomedicalization. It also discusses the historical and contemporary work on the medicalization of addiction and concludes by suggesting that drug courts are directly contributing to the medicalization of addiction by drawing on medicalized interpretations of drug addiction to advocate for enhanced criminal justice.

Keywords:   drug courts, enlightened coercion, deviance, health, illness, biomedicalization, medicalization of addiction, drug addiction, criminal justice

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