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Global Mixed Race$
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Rebecca C. King-O'Riain, Stephen Small, Minelle Mahtani, Miri Song, and Paul Spickard

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780814770733

Published to NYU Press Scholarship Online: March 2016

DOI: 10.18574/nyu/9780814770733.001.0001

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In the Laboratory of Peoples’ Friendship

In the Laboratory of Peoples’ Friendship

Mixed People in Kazakhstan from the Soviet Era to the Present

(p.68) 4 In the Laboratory of Peoples’ Friendship
Global Mixed Race

Saule K. Ualiyeva

Adrienne L. Edgar

NYU Press

This chapter addresses ethnic mixing and mixed people in Kazakhstan before and after its independence from the Soviet Union. The Soviet state categorized its citizens according to “ethnicity” or “nationality,” rather than race. These categories were conceived of in cultural and historical terms, not biological or genetic, particularly in the formative Soviet years between the 1917 revolutions and the Second World War. With the collapse of the Soviet Union and Communism in 1991 and the rise of an independent nationalizing state in Kazakhstan, the context in which ethnic mixing occurs has changed significantly. Kazakhstan has experienced a surge of ethnic Kazakh consciousness, even as the post-Soviet government seeks to ensure the peaceful coexistence of its multiethnic population.

Keywords:   Kazakhstan, Soviet Union, ethnicity, nationality, ethnic Kazakh consciousness

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