Abramovitz, Mimi. Regulating the Lives of Women: Social Welfare Policy from Colonial Times to the Present. Boston: South End Press, 1996.
Addis, Adeno. “‘Hell Man, They Did Invent Us’: The Mass Media, Law, and African Americans.” University of Buffalo Law Review 41 (1993): 523–626.
Alexander, Greg R., and Milton Kotelchuck. “Quantifying the Adequacy of Prenatal Care: A Comparison of Indices.” Public Health Reports 111, no. 5 (1996): 408–419.
Amott, Teresa L. “Black Women and AFDC: Making Entitlement Out of Necessity.” Women, the State, and Welfare. Edited by Linda Gordon. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1990: 280–298.
Amott, Teresa, and Julie Matthaei. Race, Gender, and Work: A Multi-Cultural Economic History of Women in the United States. Boston: South End Press, 1996.
Anzaldúa, Gloria. Borderlands/La Frontera: The New Meztiza. San Francisco: Aunt Lute Books, 1987.
Arnst, Catherine. “Study Links Medical Costs and Personal Bankruptcy.” Business-Week, June 4, 2009.
Beauvoir, Simone de. The Second Sex. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1952.
Berk, Marc L., Claudia L. Schur, Leo R. Chavez, and Martin Frankel. “Health Care Use among Undocumented Latino Immigrants.” Health Affairs 19, no. 4 (July/August 2000): 51–64.
Bovbjerg, Randall R., Jill A. Marstellar, and Frank C. Ullman. Health Care for the Poor and Uninsured after a Public Hospital’s Closure or Conversion, Occasional Paper No. 39. Washington, D.C.: The Urban Institute, 2000.
Braverman, Paula, M. Pearl, S. Egerter, K. Marchi, and R. Williams. “Validity of Insurance Information on California Birth Certificates.” American Journal of Public Health 88 (1998): 813–816.
Briggs, Laura. Reproducing Empire: Race, Sex, Science, and U.S. Imperialism in Puerto Rico. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2002.
Brodie, Mollyann, Nina Kjellson, Tina Hoff, and Molly Parker. “Perceptions of Latinos, African Americans, and Whites on Media as a Health Information Source.” Howard Journal of Communications 10, no. 3 (August 1999): 147–167.
Brown, Wendy. “American Nightmare: Neoliberalism, Neoconservatism, and De-Democratization.” Political Theory 34, no.6 (2006): 690–714.
(p.180) Burawoy, Michael. “The Functions and Reproduction of Migrant Labor: Comparative Material from Southern Africa and the United States.” American Journal of Sociology 81, no. 5 (March 1976): 1050–1087.
Burbridge, L. C. “The Labor Market for Home Care Workers: Demand, Supply, and Institutional Barriers.” Gerontologist 33 (1993): 41–46.
Burchell, Graham, Colin Gordon, and Peter Miller, eds. The Foucault Effect: Studies in Governmentality. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1991.
Burton, Linda M. “Childhood Adultification in Economically Disadvantaged Families: An Ethnographic Perspective.” Family Relations 56 (2007): 329–345.
Calavita, Kitty. “Deflecting the Immigration Debate: Globalization, Immigrant Agency, ‘Strange Bedfellows,’ and Beyond.” Contemporary Sociology 37, no. 4 (2008): 302–305.
———. Inside the State: The Bracero Program, Immigration, and the I.N.S. New York: Routledge, 1992.
———. U.S. Immigration Law and the Control of Labor, 1820–1924. London: Academic Press, 1984.
California Association of Public Hospitals and Health Systems. On the Brink: How the Crisis in California’s Public Hospitals Threatens Access to Care for Millions. 2003.
California Department of Health Services. “Adequacy of Prenatal Care Utilization: California 1989–1994.” Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Review. Centers for Disease Control 45 (1996): 655.
California Legislature Senate Office of Research. Federal Welfare Changes Affecting California’s Immigrants. Sacramento, Calif.: Senate Office of Research, 1996.
California State Auditor. Department of Health Services: Use of Its Ports of Entry Fraud Detection Programs Is No Longer Justified. Sacramento, Calif.: Bureau of State Audits, 1999.
Camacho, Alicia Schmidt. Migrant Imaginaries: Latino Cultural Politics in the Mexico-U.S. Borderlands. New York: NYU Press, 2008.
Canning, Kathleen, and Sonya O. Rose. “Gender, Citizenship and Subjectivity: Some Historical and Theoretical Considerations.” Gender and History 13, no. 3 (2001): 427–443.
Capps, Randolph, Michael E. Fix, and Jeffrey S. Passel. The Dispersal of Immigrants in the 1990s. Washington, D.C.: The Urban Institute, 2002.
Cartier, Carolyn. “From Home to Hospital and Back Again: Economic Restructuring, End of Life, and the Gendered Problems of Place-Switching Health Services.” Social Science and Medicine 56 (2003): 2289–2301.
Castells, Manuel, and Alejandro Portes. “World Underneath: The Origins, Dynamics, and Effects of the Informal Economy.” The Informal Economy: Studies in Advanced and Less Developed Countries. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1989.
Chang, Grace. Disposable Domestics: Immigrant Women Workers in the Global Economy. Boston: South End Press, 2000.
Chang, Robert S. “A Meditation on Borders.” Immigrants Out! The New Nativism and the Anti-Immigrant Impulse in the United States. Edited by Juan Perea. New York: NYU Press, 1997.
Chapman, Jeff, and Jared Bernstein. Immigration and Poverty: Disappointing Income Growth in the 1990s Not Solely the Result of Growing Immigrant Population. Briefing Paper. Washington, D.C.: Economic Policy Institute, 2002.
Chavez, Leo R. “A Glass Half Empty: Latina Reproduction and Public Discourse.” Women and Migration in the U.S.-Mexico Borderlands: A Reader. Edited by Denise A. Segura and Patricia Zavella. Durham: Duke University Press, 2007.
Chavez, Leo R., Wayne A. Cornelius, and Oliver Williams Jones. “Mexican Immigrants and the Utilization of U.S. Health Services: The Case of San Diego.” Social Science & Medicine 21, no. 1 (1985): 93–102.
Collins, Jane. “The Specter of Slavery: Workfare and the Economic Citizenship of Poor Women.” New Landscapes of Inequality. Edited by Jane Collins, Micaela di Leonardo, and Brett Williams. Santa Fe: School for Advanced Research Press, 2008: 131–153.
Collins, Patricia Hill. Black Feminist Thought: Knowledge, Consciousness, and the Politics of Empowerment. London: Routledge, 1991.
Cooey, Paula M. “‘Ordinary Mother’ as Oxymoron: The Collusion of Theology, Theory, and Politics in the Undermining of Mothers.” No Easy Task: Dilemmas Confronting Contemporary Mothers. Boston: Beacon Press, 1999.
Cornelius, Wayne. “Introduction: Does Border Enforcement Deter Unauthorized Immigration?” Impacts of Border Enforcement on Mexican Migration: A View from Sending Communities. Edited by Wayne Cornelius and Jessa M. Lewis. La Jolla: Center for Comparative Immigration Studies, University of California, San Diego, 2007.
DeFreitas, Gregory. Immigration, Inequality, and Policy Alternatives. New York: Russell Sage Foundation, 1995.
De Genova, Nicholas. Working the Boundaries: Race, Space, and “Illegality” in Mexican Chicago. Durham: Duke University Press, 2005.
Delgado, Richard. “Citizenship.” Immigrants Out! The New Nativism and the Anti-Immigrant Impulse in the United States. Edited by Juan Perea. New York: NYU Press, 1997: 318–323.
Duggan, Lisa. The Twilight of Equality? Neoliberalism, Cultural Politics, and the Attack on Democracy. Boston: Beacon Press, 2003.
Duster, Troy. Backdoor to Eugenics. New York: Routledge, 2003.
(p.182) Eisenstadt, Todd A., and Cathryn L. Thorup. Caring Capacity vs. Carrying Capacity: Community Responses to Mexican Immigration in San Diego’s North County. La Jolla: Center for U.S.-Mexico Studies, University of California, San Diego, 1994.
Ellwood, Marilyn R., and Leighton Ku. “Welfare and Immigration Reforms: Unintended Side Effects for Medicaid.” Health Affairs 17, no. 3 (May–June 1998): 137–151.
Espenshade, Thomas J., Jessica L. Baraka, and Gregory A. Huber. “Implications of the 1996 Welfare and Immigration Reform Acts for US Immigration.” Population and Development Review 23, no. 4 (December 1997): 769–801.
Evans, Patricia R. “‘Likely to Become a Public Charge’: Immigration in the Backwaters of Administrative Law, 1882–1933.” Ph.D. dissertation, George Washington University, 1987.
Fairchild, Amy L. Science at the Borders: Immigrant Medical Inspection and the Shaping of the Modern Industrial Labor Force. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2003.
Feige, Edgar L. “Defining and Estimating Underground and Informal Economies: The New Institutional Economics Approach.” World Development 18, no. 7 (July 1990).
Feldman, P. H. “Labor Market Issues in Home Care, Nursing Homes and Home Care.” Home-Based Care for a New Century. Edited by D. M. Fox and J. Raphael. Malden, Mass.: Blackwell, 1997: 155–183.
Fernandes, Deepa. Targeted: Homeland Security and the Business of Immigration. New York: Seven Stories Press, 2007.
Fix, Michael E., and Jeffrey S. Passel. Immigration and Immigrants: Setting the Record Straight. Washington, D.C.: The Urban Institute, 1994.
———. Trends in Noncitizens’ and Citizens’ Use of Public Benefits Following Welfare Reform, 1994–97. Washington, D.C.: The Urban Institute, 1999.
Fix, Michael E., Jeffrey S. Passel, and Wendy Zimmermann. Facts about Immigrants’ Use of Welfare. Washington, D.C.: The Urban Institute, 1996.
Fix, Michael E., and Wendy Zimmerman. All under One Roof: Mixed-Status Families in an Era of Reform. Washington, D.C.: The Urban Institute, 1999.
———. Immigrant Families and Public Policy: A Deepening Divide. Washington, D.C.: The Urban Institute, 1995.
Foucault, Michel. Discipline and Punish: The Birth of the Prison. New York: Vintage Books, 1995.
———. Society Must Be Defended: Lectures at the College de France, 1975–76. New York: Picador, 2003.
Fraser, Nancy, and Linda Gordon. “Contract versus Charity: Why Is There No Social Citizenship in the United States?” The Citizenship Debates. Edited by Gershon Shafir. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1998: 113–127.
Fujiwara, Lynn H. “The Impact of Welfare Reform on Asian Immigrant Communities.” Social Justice 25, no. 1 (1998): 82–104.
———. Mothers without Citizenship: Asian Immigrant Families and the Consequences of Welfare Reform. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2008.
Gardner, Martha. The Qualities of a Citizen: Women, Immigration, and Citizenship, 1870–1965. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2009.
Geography and Urban Planning Programs. Sunland Park Community Survey: Summary. Las Cruces: Earth Sciences Department, New Mexico State University, January 1991.
Gilchrist, Valeria J., and Robert L. Williams. “Key Informant Interviews.” Doing Qualitative Research. London: Sage Publications, 1992.
Glenn, Evelyn Nakano. “Social Constructions of Mothering: A Thematic Overview.” Mothering: Ideology, Experience, and Agency. Edited by Evelyn Nakano Glenn, Grace Chang, and Linda Rennie Forcey. New York: Routledge, 1994.
Goldman, Dana P., and Neeraj Sood. “Rising Medicare Costs: Are We in Crisis?” Health Affairs 25, no. 5 (November 2006): 389–390.
Gordon, Linda. Pitied but Not Entitled: Single Mothers and the History of Welfare. New York: Free Press, 1994.
Grant, Madison. The Passing of the Great Race: or, The Racial Basis of European History. New York: Scribner’s, 1916.
Greenberg, M., et al. Welfare Reauthorization: An Early Guide to Issues. Washington, D.C.: Center for Law and Social Policy, July 2000.
Guendelman, Sylvia, and Monica Jasis. “Giving Birth across the Border: The San Diego-Tijuana Connection.” Social Science & Medicine 34, no. 4 (February 1992): 419–426.
Gutierrez, Elena R. Fertile Matters: The Politics of Mexican-Origin Women’s Reproduction. Austin: University of Texas Press, 2008.
———. “Policing ‘Pregnant Pilgrims’: Situating the Sterilization Abuse of Mexican-Origin Women in Los County.” Women, Health and Nation: Canada and the United States since 1945. Montreal: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 2003.
Hagan, Jacqueline, Nestor Rodriguez, Randy Capps, and Nika Kabiri. “The Effects of Recent Welfare and Immigration Reforms on Immigrants’ Access to Health Care.” International Migration Review 37, no. 2 (2003): 444–463.
Hancock, Ange-Marie. The Politics of Disgust: The Public Identity of the Welfare Queen. New York: NYU Press, 2004.
Harris, Pat. “City of Nashville Rejects English-Only Law.” Reuters, January 22, 2009.
Harvey, David. A Brief History of Neoliberalism. New York: Oxford University Press, 2005.
———. Flat Broke with Children: Women in the Age of Welfare Reform. New York: Oxford University Press, 2003.
Henderson, James W. “The Cost Effectiveness of Prenatal Care: Health Care Needs of Vulnerable Populations.” Health Care Financing Review (June 22, 1994): 21–32.
Herzog, Lawrence A. “The Transfrontier Organization of Space along the United States-Mexico Border.” Geoforum 22, no. 3 (1991): 255–269.
———. Where North Meets South: Cities, Space and Politics on the U.S.-Mexico Border. Austin: CMAS/ILAS/University of Texas Press, 1990.
Hing, Bill Ong. Defining America through Immigration Policy. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 2004.
———. Deporting Our Souls: Values, Morality, and Immigration Policy. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2006.
Hobson, Barbara, and Ruth Lister. “Keyword: Citizenship.” Contested Concepts in Gender and Social Politics. Edited by Barbara Hobson, Jane Lewis, and Birte Siim. Northampton, Mass.: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2004.
Hochschild, Arlie Russell. The Commercialization of Intimate Life: Notes from Home and Work. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2003.
Homedes, Nuria, and P. A. LaBrec. Health Services Utilization across the Arizona-Sonora Border: A Bi-National Maternal and Child Health Project, Monographs no. 28. Tucson: Southwest Border Rural Health Research Center, College of Medicine, University of Arizona, 1991.
Hondagneu-Sotelo, Pierrette. Domestica: Immigrant Workers Cleaning and Caring in the Shadows of Affluence. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2001.
Hondagneu-Sotelo, Pierrette, and Ernestine Avila. “I’m Here, but I’m There: The Meaning of Latina Transnational Motherhood.” Gender and Society 11, no. 5 (1997): 548<N<571.
Huang, Priscilla. “Anchor Babies, Over-Breeders, and the Population Bomb: The Reemergence of Nativism and Population Control in Anti-Immigration Policies.” Harvard Law & Policy Review 2 (2008): 385.
Hughes, D. C., and S. J. Runyan. “Prenatal Care and Public Policy: Lessons for Promoting Women’s Health.” Journal of the American Medical Women’s Association 50 (1997): 156–163.
Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996 (“IIRIRA”), Public Law 104-208, 110 Stat. 3008, September 30, 1996.
Inda, Jonathan Xavier. Targeting Immigrants: Government, Technology, and Ethics. Malden, Mass.: Blackwell, 2006.
Jayasuriya, Kanishka. Statecraft, Welfare, and the Politics of Inclusion. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2006.
Kalofonos, Ippolytos, and Lawrence A. Palinkas. “Barriers to Prenatal Care for Mexican and Mexican American Women.” Journal of Gender, Culture, and Health 4, no. 2 (June 1999): 135–152.
Kessler-Harris, Alice. In Pursuit of Equity: Women, Men, and the Quest for Economic Citizenship in 20th Century America. New York: Oxford University Press, 2001.
Kline, Wendy. Building a Better Race: Gender, Sexuality, and Eugenics from the Turn of the Century to the Baby Boom. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2001.
Kogan, Michael D., Joyce A. Martin, Greg R. Alexander, Milton Kotelchuck, Stephanie J. Ventura, and Fredric D. Frigoletto. “The Changing Pattern of Prenatal Care Utilization in the United States, 1981–1995, Using Different Prenatal Care Indices.” Journal of the American Medical Association 279, no. 20 (May 27, 1998): 1623–1628.
Kotelchuck, Milton. “The Adequacy of Prenatal Care Utilization Index: Its U.S. Distribution and Association with Low Birthweight.” American Journal of Public Health 84 (1994): 1486–1489.
Kotlowitz, Alex. “All Immigration Politics Is Local (and Complicated, Nasty, and Personal).” New York Times Magazine (August 5, 2007): section 6.
Kozol, Jonathan. Rachel and Her Children: Homeless Families in America. New York: Ballantine Books, 1988.
Ku, Leighon, and Sheetal Matani. “Left Out: Immigrants’ Access to Health Care and Insurance.” Health Affairs 20, no. 1 (January–February 2001): 247–256.
Ladd-Taylor, Molly, and Lauri Umansky. “Bad” Mothers: The Politics of Blame in Twentieth-Century America. New York: NYU Press, 1998.
Lister, Ruth. Citizenship: Feminist Perspectives, 2d ed. New York: NYU Press, 2003.
Lu, M. C., Y. G. Lin, N. M. Prietto, and T. J. Garite. “Elimination of Public Funding of Prenatal Care for Undocumented Immigrants in California: A Cost/Benefit Analysis.”American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology 182, no. 1 (2000): 233–239.
Luibheid, Eithne. Entry Denied: Controlling Sexuality at the Border. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2002.
Macias, Eduardo P., and Leo S. Morales. “Crossing the Border for Health Care.” Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Undeserved 12, no. 1 (2001): 77–87.
MaCurdy, Thomas, and Margaret O’Brien-Strain. Reform Reversed? The Restoration of Welfare Benefits to Immigrants in California. Public Policy Institute of California, 1998.
Madigan, Nick. “Los Angeles Emergency Care Crisis Deepens.” New York Times, August 21, 2004, A8.
Maira, Sunaina. Missing: Youth, Citizenship, and Empire after 9/11. Durham: Duke University Press, 2009.
Marshall, Thomas H. “Citizenship and Social Class.” The Citizenship Debates. Edited by Gershon Shafir. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1998 (1964 original).
Massey, Douglas S., Jorge Durand, and Nolan J. Malone. Beyond Smoke and Mirrors: Mexican Immigration in an Era of Economic Integration. New York: Russell Sage Foundation, 2002.
McClintock, Anne. Imperial Leather: Race, Gender and Sexuality in the Colonial Context. New York: Routledge, 1995.
———. “‘No Longer in a Future Heaven’: Gender, Race, and Nationalism.” Dangerous Liaisons: Gender, Nation, and Postcolonial Perspectives. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1997.
Medi-Cal Policy Institute. Understanding Medi-Cal: The Basics. 1998.
Milkman, Ruth. L.A. Story: Immigrant Workers and the Future of the U.S. Labor Movement. New York: Russell Sage Foundation, 2006.
Mink, Gwendolyn. The Wages of Motherhood: Inequality in the Welfare State, 1917–1942. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1995.
———. Welfare’s End, rev. ed. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 2002.
Misra, Dawn P., and Bernard Guyer. “Benefits and Limitations of Prenatal Care: From Counting Visits to Measuring Content.” Journal of the American Medical Association 279, no. 20 (May 27, 1998): 1661–1662.
Morse, A., J. Meadows, K. Rasmussen, S. Steisel. America’s Newcomers: Mending the Welfare Safety Net for Immigrants. San Francisco: Public Policy Institute of California, 1998.
Moss, N., L. Baumeister, and J. Biewener. “Perspectives of Latina Immigrant Women on Proposition 187.” Journal of the American Medical Women’s Association 51, no. 4 (August–October 1996): 161–165.
Murray, J. L., and M. Bernfield. “The Differential Effect of Prenatal Care on the Incidence of Low Birth Weight among Blacks and Whites in a Prepaid Health Care Plan.” New England Journal of Medicine 219, no. 21 (November 24, 1988): 1385–1390.
National Immigration Law Center (NILC). How Are Immigrants Included in Health Care Reform? Los Angeles: National Immigration Law Center, April 2010.
———. Immigrants and Public Charge: Resource Book 1998–99.Los Angeles: National Immigration Law Center, 1998.
———. Public Charge. Los Angeles: National Immigration Law Center, 1997.
Nelson, Barbara. “The Origins of the Two-Channel Welfare State: Workmen’s Compensation and Mothers’ Aid.” Women, the State, and Welfare. Edited by Linda Gordon. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1990: 123–152.
New York Times. “Hispanic and Asian Populations Expand.” August 30, 2000, A16.
Ngai, Mae M. Impossible Subjects: Illegal Aliens and the Making of Modern America. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2004.
Nguyen, Tram. We Are All Suspects Now: Untold Stories from Immigrant Communities after 9/11. Boston: Beacon Press, 2005.
The Number of Uninsured Americans Is at an All-Time High. Washington, D.C.: Center on Budget and Policy Priorities, August 29, 2006.
Ong, Aihwa. Buddha Is Hiding: Refugees, Citizenship, and the New America. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2003.
———. Neoliberalism as Exception: Mutations in Citizenship and Sovereignty. Durham: Duke University Press, 2006.
———. Spirits of Resistance and Capitalist Discipline: Factory Women in Malaysia. Albany: State University of New York Press, 1987.
Ono, Kent A., and John M. Sloop. Shifting Borders: Rhetoric, Immigration, and California’s Proposition 187. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 2002.
Ordover, Nancy. American Eugenics: Race, Queer Anatomy, and the Science of Nationalism. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2003.
Park, Edward J. W., and John S. W. Park. Probationary Americans: Contemporary Immigration Policies and the Shaping of Asian American Communities. New York: Routledge, 2005.
Park, Lisa Sun-Hee. Consuming Citizenship: Children of Asian Immigrant Entrepreneurs. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2005.
———. “Perpetuation of Poverty through ‘Public Charge.’” Denver University Law Review 78 (2001): 1161–1177.
Park, Lisa Sun-Hee, and David N. Pellow. The Slums of Aspen: Immigrants vs. the Environment in America’s Eden. New York: NYU Press, 2011.
Park, Lisa Sun-Hee, Rhonda Sarnoff, Catherine Bender, and Carol Korenbrot. “Impact of Recent Welfare and Immigration Reforms on Use of Medicaid for Prenatal Care by Immigrants in California.” Journal of Immigrant Health 2, no. 1 (2000): 5–22.
Passel, Jeffrey. Size and Characteristics of the Unauthorized Migrant Population in the United States: Estimates Based on the March 2005 Current Population Survey. Washington, D.C.: Pew Hispanic Center, March 2006.
Patton, Michael Quinn. Qualitative Research and Evaluation Methods. Thousand Oaks, Calif.: Sage Publications, 1990.
Pear, Robert. “Immigrants Face Medicaid Hurdle for Infant Care.” New York Times, November 3, 2006, A1.
Petchesky, Rosalind Pollack. “The Body as Property: A Feminist Revision.” Conceiving the New World Order. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1995.
———. “From Population Control to Reproductive Rights: Feminist Fault Lines.” Reproductive Health Matters 3, no. 6 (November 1995): 152–161.
Peters, Michael. “Neoliberalism.” Encyclopedia of Philosophy of Education. London: Routledge, 1999.
Roberts, Bryan. “Informal Economy and Family Strategies.” International Journal of Urban and Regional Research 18, no. 1 (1994): 6–23.
Roberts, Dorothy. “The Future of Reproductive Choice for Poor Women and Women of Color.” The Politics of Women’s Bodies. Edited by Rose Weitz. New York: Oxford University Press, 2003: 282–289.
———. Killing the Black Body: Race, Reproduction, and the Meaning of Liberty. New York: Pantheon, 1997.
———. “Mothers Who Fail to Protect Their Children: Accounting for Private and Public Responsibility.” Mother Troubles: Rethinking Contemporary Maternal Dilemmas. Edited by Julia E. Hanigsberg and Sara Ruddick. Boston: Beacon Press, 1999: 31–49.
———. “Poverty, Race, and New Directions in Child Welfare Policy.” Journal of Law and Policy no. 1 (1999): 63–77.
———. “Who May Give Birth to Citizens? Reproduction, Eugenics, and Immigration.” Immigrants Out! The New Nativism and the Anti-Immigrant Impulse in the United States. Edited by Juan Perea. New York: NYU Press, 1997: 205–219.
Rodriguez, Nestor P. “The Social Construction of the U.S.-Mexico Border.” Immigrants Out! The New Nativism and the Anti-Immigrant Impulse in the United States. Edited by Juan Perea. New York: NYU Press, 1997: 223–243.
Rodriguez, Nestor, and Jacqueline M. Hagan. “Fractured Families and Communities: Effects of Immigration Reform in Texas, Mexico, and El Salvador.” Latino Studies 2 (2004): 328–351.
Rollins, Judith. Between Women: Domestics and Their Employers. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1985.
Romero, Mary. Maid in the U.S.A. New York: Routledge, 1992.
Rosen, M. G. Caring for Our Future, the Content of Prenatal Care. A Report of the Public Health Service Expert Panel on the Content of Prenatal Care. Washington D.C.: Public Health Service, 1989.
Ruhl, Lealle. “Dilemmas of the Will: Uncertainty, Reproduction, and the Rhetoric of Control.” Signs 27, no.3 (March 2002): 641–663.
Saito, Leland T. “The Politics of Adaptation and the ‘Good Immigrant.’” Asian and Latino Immigrants in a Restructuring Economy. Edited by Marta Lopez-Garza and David R. Diaz. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2001.
Sassen, Saskia. The Global City: New York, London, Tokyo. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1991.
———. Globalization and Its Discontents: Essays on the New Mobility of People and Money. New York: The New Press, 1998.
———. Guests and Aliens. New York: The New Press, 1999.
———. The Mobility of Labor and Capital: A Study in International Investment and Labor Flow. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1990.
Schauffler, Helen Halpin, and E. R. Brown. The State of Health Insurance in California, 1999. Berkeley: Regents of the University of California, January 2000.
Scheer, Robert. “The Governor’s Brave Stand on Birth Control.” Los Angeles Times, November 5, 1996.
Schevitz, Tanya. “California Minorities Become Majority.” San Francisco Chronicle, August 30, 2000, A1.
Schlosberg, C., and D. Wiley. The Impact of INS Public Charge Determinations on Immigrant Access to Health Care. Washington, D.C.: National Health Law Program and National Immigration Law Center, 1998.
Schoen, Johanna. Choice and Coercion: Birth Control, Sterilization, and Abortion in Public Health and Welfare. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2005.
Schram, Sanford F. After Welfare: The Culture of Postindustrialized Social Policy. New York: NYU Press, 2000.
———. Words of Welfare: The Poverty of Social Science and the Social Science of Poverty. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1995.
Schram, Sanford F., Joe Soss, Richard C. Fording, and Linda Houser. “The Third Level of U.S. Welfare Reform: Governmentality under Neoliberal Paternalism.” Citizenship Studies 14, no. 6 (2010).
Sibley, David. Geographies of Exclusion: Society and Difference in the West. New York: Routledge, 1995.
Sidel, Ruth. Keeping Women and Children Last. New York: Penguin, 1998.
Singer, Audrey. “Immigrants, their Families and their Communities in the Aftermath of Welfare Reform.” Research Perspectives on Migration 3, no. 1 (2001): 1–9.
Smith, Andrea. Conquest: Sexual Violence and American Indian Genocide. Cambridge, Mass.: South End Press, 2005.
Smith, David. Entitlement Politics: Medicare and Medicaid, 1995–2001. New York: Aldine de Gruyter, 2002.
Solinger, Rickie. Beggars and Choosers: How the Politics of Choice Shapes Adoption, Abortion, and Welfare in the U.S. New York: Hill and Wang, 2001.
(p.190) ———. “Dependency and Choice: The Two Faces of Eve.” The Subject of Care: Feminist Perspectives on Dependency. Edited by Eva Feder Kittay and Ellen K. Feder. Lanham, Md.: Rowman & Littlefield, 2002.
Sparke, Matthew. “A Neoliberal Nexus: Citizenship, Security and the Future of the Border.” Political Geography 25, no. 2 (2006): 151–180.
Stack, Carol. All Our Kin: Strategies for Survival in a Black Community. New York: Harper & Row, 1975.
Stern, Alexandra M. Eugenic Nation: Faults and Frontiers of Better Breeding in Modern America. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2005.
Strauss, Anselm L. Qualitative Analysis for Social Scientists. Cambridge: University of Cambridge Press, 1987.
Tabet, Stephen R., and William H. Wiese. “Medications Obtained in Mexico by Patients in Southern New Mexico.” Southern Medical Journal 83, no. 3 (March 1990): 271–273.
Tannenbaum, S. J. “Medicaid Eligibility Policy in the 1980s: Medical Utilitarianism and the “Deserving” Poor.” Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law 20 (1995): 933–954.
Thompson, William W. “Cross-Border Health Care Utilization and Practices of Mexican-Americans in the Lower Rio Grande Valley.” Border Health Journal 9, no. 2 (1993): 1–9.
U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS). Fact Sheet: Public Charge. May 25, 1999. http://www.dhs.gov.
U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services. http://www.uscis.gov.
U.S. Department of Justice, Immigration and Naturalization Service. 1998 Statistical Yearbook of the Immigration and Naturalization Service. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 2000.
Valverde, Mariana. “‘Despotism’ and Ethical Liberal Governance.” Economy and Society 25, no.3 (August 1996): 357–372.
Ventura, Stephanie J., and Selma M. Taffel. “Childbearing Characteristics of U.S.-and Foreign-Born Hispanic Mothers.” Public Health Reports 100, no. 6 (November–December 1985): 647–652.
Willes, M. H., D. F. Wright, M. Parks, and J. Clayton. “Abuse by Officials at the Border.” Editorial, Los Angeles Times, December 23, 1997, B6.
Williams, Patricia. The Alchemy of Race and Rights: Diary of a Law Professor. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1991.
Wilson, Tamar Diana. “Anti-Immigrant Sentiment and the Problem of Reproduction/Maintenance in Mexican Immigration to the United States.” Critique of Anthropology 20, no. 2 (2000): 191–213.
Wulsin, Lucien, Jr., Sepil Djavaheri, Jan Frates, and Ari Shofet. Clinics, Counties and the Uninsured: A Study of Six California Urban Counties. Santa Monica: Alliance Healthcare Foundation and the California Wellness Foundation, February 1999.
Young, Iris Marion. “Autonomy, Welfare Reform, and Meaningful Work.” The Subject of Care: Feminist Perspectives on Dependency. Edited by Eva Feder Kittay and Ellen K. Feder. Lanham, Md.: Rowman & Littlefield, 2002.
Yuval-Davis, Nira. “The Citizenship Debate: Women, Ethnic Processes and the State,” Feminist Review 39 (1991): 58–68.
Zelizer, Viviana A. Pricing the Priceless Child: The Changing Social Value of Children. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1994.
Zimmermann, Wendy, and Michael E. Fix. Declining Immigrant Applications for Medi-Cal and Welfare Benefits in Los Angeles County. Washington, D.C.: The Urban Institute, 1998.