This introductory chapter discusses developments in transportation in New York and New Jersey in the 20th century. In 1901, New York became the first state to require registration of motor vehicles, with New Jersey following in 1903. In January 1906, Henry Ford introduced his Model N at the Association of Licensed Automobile Manufacturers Automobile Show in Madison Square Garden. This car marked a watershed advance in automobile development due to its simplicity of design, practicality, and above all, low cost. By the time construction began on the Holland Tunnel in 1920, New York had 676,205 total registrations, including 125,401 trucks, while New Jersey had 227,737 total registrations. Before the Holland Tunnel opened, there was no road or highway to carry the ever-increasing vehicular traffic between the nation's largest city and New Jersey. Ferries owned and operated by railroad corporations carried almost all passenger automobiles, trucks, and horse-drawn vehicles that crossed the Hudson River into or out of Manhattan.
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