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Faith and WarHow Christians Debated the Cold and Vietnam Wars$
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David E. Settje

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780814741337

Published to NYU Press Scholarship Online: March 2016

DOI: 10.18574/nyu/9780814741337.001.0001

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Christianity and the Cold War, 1964–1968

Christianity and the Cold War, 1964–1968

(p.23) 1 Christianity and the Cold War, 1964–1968
Faith and War

David E. Settje

NYU Press

This chapter examines how Christians addressed the Cold War in relation to their particular theological positions and historical legacies. A spectrum of beliefs about foreign policy had developed within American Christianity by the end of the 1960s, which contributed a religious voice to the American cultural war about foreign affairs. Christianity Today, conservative Catholic periodicals such as America, and the Southern Baptist Convention continued to support U.S. policy and despised all things communist. These Christian entities portrayed communism as an evil force that Christians must combat. In contrast, Christian Century, liberal Catholic periodicals such as Catholic World, and the United Church of Christ came to denounce the militarism of American policy and hoped for more staid and less reactionary relations with communist nations. Meanwhile, moderate Catholic journals and the African Methodist Episcopal Church exemplify a middle ground.

Keywords:   Christians, Cold War, foreign policy, American Christianity, American cultural war, Catholic periodicals, anti-communism, communism, militarism, American policy

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