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The Fervent EmbraceLiberal Protestants, Evangelicals, and Israel$
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Caitlin Carenen

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780814741047

Published to NYU Press Scholarship Online: March 2016

DOI: 10.18574/nyu/9780814741047.001.0001

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American Protestants Respond to Zionism and the Jewish Genocide in Europe, 1938–1948

American Protestants Respond to Zionism and the Jewish Genocide in Europe, 1938–1948

Chapter:
(p.17) 2 American Protestants Respond to Zionism and the Jewish Genocide in Europe, 1938–1948
Source:
The Fervent Embrace
Author(s):

Caitlin Carenen

Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:10.18574/nyu/9780814741047.003.0002

This chapter shows how American Protestants began to reevaluate their theological assumptions about Judaism and to advocate for the establishment of a Jewish homeland in Palestine. The transition from the dominant antisemitism of the 1930s to the growing American support of Jews and Judaism was not a smooth one, as activist efforts to assist the Jews were often met with hesitation, if not outright resistance. Yet American Protestants' thinking about the question of a Jewish homeland in Palestine continued to evolve in these years. Despite significant initial hostility to Zionism within some American Protestant circles, by the end of the war the activities of pro-Zionist Protestant organizations had successfully persuaded Congress and many of their fellow Protestants to support the establishment of Israel.

Keywords:   Judaism, Palestine, antisemitism, Zionism, pro-Zionist Protestant organizations, Protestant activism

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