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The Fervent EmbraceLiberal Protestants, Evangelicals, and Israel$
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Caitlin Carenen

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780814741047

Published to NYU Press Scholarship Online: March 2016

DOI: 10.18574/nyu/9780814741047.001.0001

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American Protestants and Jewish Persecution, 1933–1937

American Protestants and Jewish Persecution, 1933–1937

(p.1) 1 American Protestants and Jewish Persecution, 1933–1937
The Fervent Embrace

Caitlin Carenen

NYU Press

This chapter reflects on American Protestant attitudes toward Jews, Judaism, and Zionism in the 1930s, which were characterized by entrenched antisemitism, deep antipathy to any claim of Jewish nationalism, and cultural hubris. At the same time, however, American Protestants were confronted by the increasing persecution of Germany's Jewish population by the Nazi Party. Evangelical Protestants invoked prophetic implications for the mounting persecution of the Jews in Germany and the growing numbers of Jewish immigrants to Palestine in the interwar period, but they did not politically engage these issues. Despite the lack of widespread reaction against Nazi persecutions, activism on behalf of the persecuted, or mobilization to support Zionism, American Protestantism lay on the cusp of dramatic changes that would transform the religious and political landscape of the United States in the decades to follow.

Keywords:   American Protestantism, 1930s, Nazi persecutions, Zionism, Judaism, interwar period

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