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Jews and the Civil WarA Reader$
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Jonathan D. Sarna and Adam D. Mendelsohn

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780814740910

Published to NYU Press Scholarship Online: March 2016

DOI: 10.18574/nyu/9780814740910.001.0001

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The Post–Civil War Economy in the South

The Post–Civil War Economy in the South

Chapter:
(p.387) 16 The Post–Civil War Economy in the South
Source:
Jews and the Civil War
Author(s):

Thomas D. Clark

Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:10.18574/nyu/9780814740910.003.0018

This chapter examines the state of Southern economy after the Civil War, with particular emphasis on a niche that attracted many Jews to the region: country storekeeping. One of the most serious mercantile losses suffered by the South in the post–Civil War years was the disappearance of the factorage system, creating a vacuum that stifled the region's agricultural economy. The factor was replaced by the wholesale merchants in cities such as Louisville, St. Louis, Baltimore, Charleston, Cincinnati, New Orleans, and Mobile. This chapter considers the role of the Jewish country storekeeper in the emergence of sophisticated systems of capitalization and distribution in the bankrupt South and how Jewish merchants served as a link between rural markets and the national economy.

Keywords:   country storekeeping, Southern economy, Civil War, Jews, South, agricultural economy, wholesale merchants, capitalization, Jewish merchants, rural markets

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