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Jews and the Civil WarA Reader$
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Jonathan D. Sarna and Adam D. Mendelsohn

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780814740910

Published to NYU Press Scholarship Online: March 2016

DOI: 10.18574/nyu/9780814740910.001.0001

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Civil War Exodus

Civil War Exodus

The Jews and Grant’s General Order No. 11

Chapter:
(p.363) 15 Civil War Exodus
Source:
Jews and the Civil War
Author(s):

Stephen V. Ash

Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:10.18574/nyu/9780814740910.003.0017

This chapter examines the impact of General Ulysses S. Grant's General Order No. 11 on the Jews of Paducah, Kentucky. Unlike many other places where Jews lived or worked, Grant's expulsion order was zealously enforced in Paducah. As a result, the Jews in Paducah became the target for all the hatred and mistrust that the Civil War had spawned and unleashed in the city. Grant issued the order on the belief that the Jews were the main—indeed the only—perpetrators of the rampant smuggling and cotton speculation in the area under his command. This chapter considers the Jews' reaction to Grant's order and President Abraham Lincoln's decision to countermand the order. It shows that the Paducah incident was the climax to a story of evolving social turmoil in wartime America.

Keywords:   expulsion, Civil War, Ulysses S. Grant, General Order No. 11, Jews, Paducah, Kentucky, smuggling, cotton speculation, Abraham Lincoln

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