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Becoming BiculturalRisk, Resilience, and Latino Youth$
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Paul R. Smokowski and Martica Bacallao

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780814740897

Published to NYU Press Scholarship Online: March 2016

DOI: 10.18574/nyu/9780814740897.001.0001

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From Melting Pot to Simmering Stew

From Melting Pot to Simmering Stew

Acculturation, Enculturation, Assimilation, and Biculturalism in American Racial Dynamics

Chapter:
(p.1) 1 From Melting Pot to Simmering Stew
Source:
Becoming Bicultural
Author(s):

Paul R. Smokowski

Martica Bacallao

Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:10.18574/nyu/9780814740897.003.0001

This book examines the process of becoming bicultural, with particular emphasis on the individual psychology and family dynamics behind bicultural development as well as the factors that lead to positive or to negative consequences for young Latino immigrants. Drawing on surveys and interviews from more than 400 Latino adolescents and their parents in North Carolina and Arizona, the book explores common risk and resilience factors that underlie the processes of acculturation, enculturation, assimilation, and biculturalism. This introductory chapter discusses the dramatic demographic changes in the United States, in part due to the reform in immigration policy of 1965, along with the resulting cultural change including the significant increase in the number of youthful Latinos and Asians in the country. It also explains the processes of acculturation, enculturation, assimilation, biculturalism, and deculturation and provides an introduction to the chapters in this book.

Keywords:   resilience, Latino immigrants, acculturation, enculturation, assimilation, biculturalism, demographic changes, immigration, Latinos, deculturation

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