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September 12Community and Neighborhood Recovery at Ground Zero$
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Gregory Smithsimon

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780814740842

Published to NYU Press Scholarship Online: March 2016

DOI: 10.18574/nyu/9780814740842.001.0001

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Creating Battery Park City

Creating Battery Park City

Building a Landmark on Landfill

Chapter:
(p.33) 1 Creating Battery Park City
Source:
September 12
Author(s):

Gregory Smithsimon

Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:10.18574/nyu/9780814740842.003.0002

This chapter examines the urban planning history that led to the creation of Battery Park City and gave the community its physical shape and social configuration. In particular, it considers how the exclusive master plans endorsed by elites for Battery Park City's urban development have evolved over the past five decades. It first describes the four distinct stages of New York's history in the last half of the twentieth century, each of which has been characterized by a particular type of public space: working-class spaces, privatized spaces, filtered spaces, and suburban spaces. It then provides a history of Battery Park City's programmatic exclusion and goes on to discuss the changing social context in which the plans for Battery Park City were developed. It also analyzes the outcome of the plans—a demographically exclusive place with distinct but less extreme spatial exclusivity—that accounts for “vibrant exclusivity.”

Keywords:   urban planning, Battery Park City, master plans, elites, urban development, New York, public space, programmatic exclusion, spatial exclusivity, vibrant exclusivity

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