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New York and AmsterdamImmigration and the New Urban Landscape$
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Nancy Foner, Jan Rath, Jan Willem Duyvendak, and Rogier van Reekum

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780814738092

Published to NYU Press Scholarship Online: March 2016

DOI: 10.18574/nyu/9780814738092.001.0001

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Nativism, Racism, and Immigration in New York City

Nativism, Racism, and Immigration in New York City

(p.143) 5 Nativism, Racism, and Immigration in New York City
New York and Amsterdam

Mary C. Waters

NYU Press

The United States' long history of immigration is often held up as a model or pathway for current immigrants to follow, one that is lacking in European countries. On the other hand, America's dark history of slavery and racism is seen as a roadblock or barrier to incorporation for today's nonwhite immigrants and their children. This chapter explores the interplay between these two historical patterns and how they manifest themselves in the local history and context of New York City. It argues for the importance of making a distinction between racism—defined as the as the belief that differences between human groups or communities with different physical characteristics or putative ancestry are innate and unchangeable—and nativism, defined as intense opposition to an internal minority on basis of its foreign connections. The remainder of the chapter discusses the racial distribution of the U.S. population; the changing contours of racism and nativism; and the results of a study of second-generation immigrants in the New York City metropolitan area.

Keywords:   immigration, New York City, racism, nativism, discrimination

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