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New York and AmsterdamImmigration and the New Urban Landscape$
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Nancy Foner, Jan Rath, Jan Willem Duyvendak, and Rogier van Reekum

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780814738092

Published to NYU Press Scholarship Online: March 2016

DOI: 10.18574/nyu/9780814738092.001.0001

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From Amsterdamned to I Amsterdam

From Amsterdamned to I Amsterdam

The Amsterdam Economy and Its Impact on the Labor Market Position of Migrants, 1980–2010

(p.107) 4 From Amsterdamned to I Amsterdam
New York and Amsterdam

Robert C. Kloosterman

NYU Press

A little over two decades ago, Amsterdam was a “city in crisis.” Economic prospects looked bleak, parts of the infrastructure were deteriorating, crime was rising, and middle-class families left the city in droves for the green suburbs. Overall unemployment was very high, with unemployment rates among the migrant population considerably higher than among the native population. In the first decade of the twenty first century, however, the city reversed the collective doom of the Amsterdamned to the individualistic optimism of I Amsterdam, the current slogan of the city. Its population grew steadily and stood at 780,000 at the end of 2010; its economy grew rapidly and so did employment. This chapter provides a brief, multilevel analysis of this remarkable turnaround and its consequences for the labor market. It shows that this turnaround was made possible by a significant overhaul of the national institutional framework that changed the way the Dutch labor market functioned.

Keywords:   Amsterdam, Dutch economy, labor market, economic turnaround, immigrants

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