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Children, Sexuality, and the Law$

Sacha M. Coupet and Ellen Marrus

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780814723852

Published to NYU Press Scholarship Online: March 2016

DOI: 10.18574/nyu/9780814723852.001.0001

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(p.259) Index

(p.259) Index

Source:
Children, Sexuality, and the Law
Publisher:
NYU Press
Acting out, girls, 88
Acquiesce, 40;
lay definition, 32
Adam Walsh Child Protection and Safety Act, 76, 82
Addams, Jane, 227
Adolescent consent, 43–48. See also Consent
Adolescent neurological, cognitive, and psychological development, 48–55
Adolescent sexual danger, 76
Age of consent:
generally, 50, 59–60;
laws, 235–236
Amie’s Law, 72, 82
Amygdala, 49
Ashcroft v. Free Speech Coalition, 140
Assent:
lay definition, 31;
legal assent, 61–63;
medical assent, 34
Barnes v. Barnes, 45
Beam, Chris, 194
Benes, Francis, 50
Boys Don’t Cry, 195
Brown v. Entertainment Merchants Association, 146–147
Bunge, Silvia, 56–57
Burke, Phyllis, 192
California Penal Code § 261.5, 36, 37–40, 44
California Safe Schools Coalition, 210
Capacity, juvenile, 34, 45;
adolescent and physical appearance, 55–56
Catcher in the Rye, 18
Cauffman, Elizabeth, 52–53, 54, 55
Cell phones, 143
Chancellor v. Pottsgrove Sch. Dist., 46, 47
Child Online Protection Act (COPA), 139–140
Child pornography, 15, 134, 135, 138, 141, 143, 144;
prosecution of, 137, 140, 142, 147
Child welfare system, 225–226
Childhood sexual development, 7
Childhood sexual rights, 7
Childhood sexuality, 6–7
Clark v. Roccanova, 150
Code of Federal Rules, 34
Cognitive development, 50–52
Consent, 12–16, 30, 149;
capacity to consent, 32;
contractual consent, 32–33,
consent under tort law, 33;
impaired consent, 149;
juvenile consent, 34, 39, 41;
lay definition, 31;
legal definition, 32;
legal consent, 60;
legal consent, civil, 35, 40, 45, 58–63;
legal consent, criminal, 35, 37
Continuity within juvenile justice, 103–104
Contraceptives, 21–22
Counterarguing, 115–116
Crazy, Stupid, Love, 14–15, 18, 21
Crossover youth, 94, 98, 99
Cultivation theory, 119
Cyberbullying 146
Data limitations on childhood sexuality, 10–12
Declaration of Independence, 24 (p.260)
Defense attorneys and female offenders, 103
Delinquency, of girls, 88, 95
Delinquent youth, 89, 94;
definition, 94;
profile of, 89
Dependency, 93
Detention alternatives for girls, 104–105
Digital images, 139, 148
Diminished capacity, 34;
developing capacity, 34;
incapacitated, 33;
psychosocial immaturity, 34
Disparate treatment of girls, 88;
by families, 88;
by juvenile justice system, 88, 102
Doe v. Bell, 232
Doe v. Oberweis Dairy, 40–43, 42, 43, 47
Doe v. Peterson, 151–152
Doe v. Starbucks, 30, 35, 36–37, 40, 43, 45, 46
Doe v. Willits Unified School District, 46
Doe v. Yunits, 212
Donaldson v. Department of Real Estate, 38–40, 42, 47
Doshay, Lewis, J., 77
Egalia Preschool, 188
Escobar, Jonathan, 212
Ewert, Marcus, 194
Facebook, 124
Fanny Hill, 18
Faragher v. City of Boca Raton, 35
Finland, 22
First Amendment, 20, 137, 139, 146
Fischer, Kurt, 51, 54
Fourteenth Amendment, 18
Free speech, 137
Garnett v. State, 12, 28n27
Gates, Gary, 229
Gault, Gerald, 16–17
Gender atypicality, 196
Gender awareness, 189
Gender bias awareness, 103
Gender Dysphoria, 200–201
Gender identity:
clinics, 192;
rights for children, 215–216
Gender Identity Disorder (GID), 189, 190–193, 198–200, 231–232
Gender Management Service Clinic, 197
Giedd, Jay, 48, 49
Girls’ behavior, 87–88;
exploring sexuality, 88;
promiscuous, 88, 93, 96;
and sexual abuse, 97
Graham v. Florida, 57–58
Green, Jamison, 192; 207–208
Guttman scale, 15
Happiness, 23–25
House of refuge, 90–91
I am J, 194
Immoral female behavior, 92–93; 96
In re Alex, 201–202
In re Gault, 16–18
Increase of girls in delinquency, 98–99
Indiana Rape Shield Statute, 45
Industrial School for Girls (Massachusetts), 91
Informed consent, 16
Institutional review boards (IRB), 34
Internet, 141
Jefferson, Thomas, 24
Juvenile courts, 91–94, 95–98, 99–103, 226–227;
adjudicatory hearing, 101;
detention hearing, 100–101;
disposition, 101–103;
informal handling, 100;
intake, 99–100;
juvenile court proceedings, 99–103;
petition, 100;
types of cases, 93
Juvenile sex offenders, danger and, 83–85
Kiernan-Johnson, Eileen, 195
Kilodavis, Cheryl, 194 (p.261)
King County (Washington State) Adult-Juvenile Detention Policies, 214
Kramer, Donald, 55
Lawrence v. Texas, 235
LGBT youth:
defined, 228–232;
discrimination, 239;
in the juvenile justice system, 238–239;
sex education, 176;
sexual health, 167;
sexually assaulted, 238;
vulnerability to prosecution, 235
Locke, John, 24
Louie, Louie, 18
Luna, 194
M. v. North Lawrence Community Sch. Corp., 46, 47
Ma Vie en Rose, 195
MacArthur Juvenile Adjudicative Competence Study, 51
Magazines, gender oriented, 112, 118
Maine Human Rights Commission, 210–211
Maines, Nicole, 211
Masturbation, 6, 7, 9, 13
Mathis, Coy, 211
Meagan’s Law, 82
Media, effects of, 118–119;
theories, 118–120
Media characters, 115, 118
Media engagement, 113
Media multitasking, 114
Media practice model, 109–111;
application of, 120–121
Media processing, 113–116;
arousal, 114;
narratives in, 114–116. See also Counterarguing
Media production, by youth, 123, 124
Media selection, 111–113;
personal characteristics of, 111
Meritor Savings Bank v. Vinson, 40
Miller v. California, 21, 137
Miller v. Skumanick, 133–137
Mummy Laid An Egg, 19
My Princess Boy, 194
Myelin, 50
National Adolescent Perpetrator Network, 82, 83
National Task Force on Juvenile Sexual Offending, 81
Neurological development, 48–50
New York v. Ferber, 138
Nude pictures, 144, 145, 148
Nudity, 134, 136, 138
Obscene, 127, 139
Obscene phone call, 16–17
Oregon Equality Act, 209–210
Oregon Safe Schools Act, 210
Osborne v. Oho, 138
“Out-of-control”girls, 88
Parens patriae, 213
Parrotfish, 194
Pathways into juvenile court, girls’, 95–98;
assaultive behavior, 98;
girls’ sexuality, 96;
mental health disorders, 97;
prostitution, 98;
runaways, 96, 97, 98;
sexual abuse, 97;
source of referral, boys, 95,
source of referral, girls, 95;
status offender, 98–99
People v. Tobias, 37–38, 39, 43, 47
Perspective, 54
Peters, Julie Anne, 194
Placements for girls, 105
Planned Parenthood, 21
Phonication, 21
Pre-juvenile courts, 89–91;
treatment of girls, 89–91;
treated like adults, 90
Primary sources of information theory, 118
Programs for girls, 89, 101–103;
decreasing recidivism, 105;
detention, 104–105;
improving outcomes, 103–106;
improving programming 105–106;
placements, 105;
reformatories, 101–102;
resources for girls, 106 (p.262)
Psychosocial development, 52–53
Puberty, 166
R. G. v. Koller, 240
Referral to juvenile justice, 89
Reparative therapy, 230
Responsibility, development of, 53–54
Restatement (Second) of Contracts §15, 56–57
Restatement (Second) of Torts §892A cmt. 2(b), 56–57
Roe v. Orangeburg County School District, 45
Roland Humphrey Is Wearing a What?, 195
Roper v. Simmons, 57
“Rule of sevens,” 56
Sex and the City, 14
Sex and the media, 14–15
Sex education, 19–23, 163, 164–166, 233;
abstinence only, 163, 165, 169–171, 174, 175, 178;
comprehensive, 163, 165, 169–170, 178;
international human rights, 177;
values education, 169, 171
Sex information, child’s right, 172–173
Sex offender registry, 76
Sex offending:
juveniles, 72;
patterns, 72–76
Sexting, 21, 133, 141, 142, 143, 144
Sexual development, 166
Sexual harassment, 30, 44. See also Doe v. Oberweis Dairy; Doe v. Starbucks
Sexual health, 167;
of adolescents, 168;
of minority youth, 167;
of sexual minorities, 167–168
Sexual identity, 122, 123
Sexual literacy, 16, 19–23
Sexual media, 108–109, 111, 114;
exposure to 121. See also Social networking
Sexual media diets, 117, 118
Sexual norms, 110
Sexual orientation, 20
Sexual pleasure, 7–10, 19
Sexual predators, 79
Sexual Rights, 7
Sexual scripts, 110, 112–113
Sexual themes:
advertisements with, 17;
movies, 118;
music videos, 117;
television, 117–118
Sexually transmitted disease (STD), 167
“Shake, Rattle & Roll,” 18
Simon, Jonathan, 77
Social networking, 139
Soper, Jennifer, 55
Sowell, Elizabeth, 49
Specialized placement for LGBT youth, 242–243
Status offender, 88, 93, 98
Statutory rape, 12–14, 41
Steinberg, Laurence, 51, 52–53, 54, 55
Stocker, Storm, 188
Teenage sexuality, 11–12
Temperance, 54
10,000 Dresses, 194
Third-party distribution, 151
Title VII Civil Rights Act of 1964, 35, 42, 46
Transgender children:
defined, 186–188;
in the child welfare system, 213;
in the juvenile justice system, 214–215, 239;
in the media, 193–196;
perceptions and treatment of, 196–202;
in schools, 208–212;
social stigma, 197–198
Transgender Children’s Bill of Human Rights, 215
Transgenderism:
and homosexuality, 191;
prevalence, 190
Transitioning:
medical and surgical, 204–206;
social, 203–204
Treatment clinicians, 80;
for juvenile sex offenders, 80–86
Treatment programs, 89, 101–103, 102
Ulysses, 18
United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC), 216
United States Supreme Court, and adolescent development, 57–58 (p.263)
United States v. Windsor, 233
Uses and gratification theory, 119
Videos, 141
Wilson, James, 24
Wittlinger, Ellen, 194
Woodhouse, Barbara Bennett, 172
World Professional Association for Transgender Health standards of care (WPATH-SOC), 204–206
Yogyakarta Principles, 215
YouTube, 122, 124