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Global FamiliesA History of Asian International Adoption in America$
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Catherine Ceniza Choy

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780814717226

Published to NYU Press Scholarship Online: March 2016

DOI: 10.18574/nyu/9780814717226.001.0001

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Race and Rescue in Early Asian International Adoption History

Race and Rescue in Early Asian International Adoption History

(p.15) 1 Race and Rescue in Early Asian International Adoption History
Global Families

Catherine Ceniza Choy

NYU Press

This chapter examines the roles played by race and rescue in the early history of Asian international adoption in America. It begins by discussing how the post–World War II US occupation of Japan (1945–1952) and US Cold War involvement in the Korean War (1950–1953) created a population of mixed-race children fathered by American servicemen with Asian women. It then explains how international adoption and humanitarian rescue became inextricably linked during this period. It also reflects on the work of the ISS-USA (International Social Service-United States of America Branch) in facilitating Asian international adoptions, along with its emphasis on the important role of indigenous social services to alleviate the plight of mixed-race children. Finally, it considers the persistence of the plight of “GI babies” into the 1960s and 1970s in the context of the Vietnam War and the US military involvement in the conflict.

Keywords:   race, Asian international adoption, Japan, Korean War, mixed-race children, humanitarian rescue, ISS-USA, social services, GI babies, America

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