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Get a JobLabor Markets, Economic Opportunity, and Crime$
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Robert D. Crutchfield

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780814717073

Published to NYU Press Scholarship Online: March 2016

DOI: 10.18574/nyu/9780814717073.001.0001

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Why Do They Do It?

Why Do They Do It?

The Potential for Criminality

(p.65) 3 Why Do They Do It?
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Robert D. Crutchfield

NYU Press

This chapter examines recent findings that develop an understanding of how labor markets and individuals' participation in the work force influence criminality. It considers how individuals link to their workplaces and why the public might presume that primary sector and secondary sector workers differ in how these linkages are made and perpetuated, what this potentially means for criminality, and the evidence for these connections. When young adults work in the secondary sector of the labor market or are completely out of work, they have both affirmative motivations for engaging in crime that will satisfy material wants and needs, and they are free to engage in lifestyles that potentially create crime-conducive situations. In order for the latter to occur they must have, in their proximity, others who are similarly sufficiently free from stakes in conformity to pursue these lifestyles as well.

Keywords:   labor markets, work force, criminality, young adults, secondary sector workers, primary sector workers, workplaces, crime-conducive situations

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