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Get a JobLabor Markets, Economic Opportunity, and Crime$
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Robert D. Crutchfield

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780814717073

Published to NYU Press Scholarship Online: March 2016

DOI: 10.18574/nyu/9780814717073.001.0001

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“Get a Job”

“Get a Job”

The Connection between Work and Crime

(p.31) 2 “Get a Job”
Get a Job

Robert D. Crutchfield

NYU Press

This chapter describes what the public knows about the connection between work and crime and begins an explanation of this connection. Drawing from labor stratification and crime thesis, it argues that the kind of work that people have access to is conditioned by where they live. Their work and that of those who live around them helps to determine their participation in crime. Researchers in sociological criminology have not consistently found the simple relationship between unemployment and crime (the former increasing the latter) that the public expects, but the weight of the evidence does suggest that unemployment produces some additional crime. Recognizing these patterns—or more accurately, the limited pattern—recent work has more broadly examined the connection between the economy and crime, in particular moving beyond the question of whether people have jobs or not.

Keywords:   work, crime, labor stratification, crime thesis, unemployment, sociological criminology, economy, jobs

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