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Test Tube FamiliesWhy the Fertility Market Needs Legal Regulation$
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Naomi R. Cahn

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780814716823

Published to NYU Press Scholarship Online: March 2016

DOI: 10.18574/nyu/9780814716823.001.0001

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Donor Identity

Donor Identity

(p.114) 6 Donor Identity
Test Tube Families

Naomi R. Cahn

NYU Press

This chapter examines various issues relating to the nature of anonymity and identity disclosure in gamete provision. In particular, it considers the differing and often converging interests that donor children, their parents, their providers, the fertility clinics, and the state may have. It explores questions such as whether there should be disclosure of donor identity, and if so, under what circumstances; whether donors will still provide gametes if there is the possibility (or certainty) of disclosure; whether it is the children's right to know who provided their genes, or the parents' right to know or not to know; or whether parents are obliged to tell their children of their origins. The chapter also discusses the legal regime governing disclosure with regards to sperm donation and other reproductive technologies, as well as the primary challenges to anonymity that stem from outside the law.

Keywords:   anonymity, identity disclosure, gamete provision, donor children, parents, fertility clinics, donor identity, sperm donation, reproductive technologies, gametes

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