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The Next GenerationImmigrant Youth in a Comparative Perspective$
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Richard Alba and Mary C. Waters

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780814707425

Published to NYU Press Scholarship Online: March 2016

DOI: 10.18574/nyu/9780814707425.001.0001

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The Second Generation in the German Labor Market

The Second Generation in the German Labor Market

Explaining the Turkish Exception

(p.166) 8 The Second Generation in the German Labor Market
The Next Generation

Frank Kalter

NYU Press

This chapter investigates the disadvantages of second-generation Turks in the German labor market. The lower occupational placement of other second-generation groups in Germany, such as Italians and Spaniards, is explained once their educational qualifications are taken into account, but this is not true of Turks. Using data from the German Socio-Economic Panel (GSEOP), the chapter shows that the disadvantage is associated with having mainly or exclusively Turkish friends. Although the relatively low social assimilation of second-generation Turks directly explains their labor-market disadvantages, the hypothesis that the low assimilation in turn is explained by discrimination cannot be ruled out. In any event, the research demonstrates that the possession of ethnic social capital is not an advantage for the Turkish group.

Keywords:   second-generation Turks, Germany, German labor market, discrimination, ethnic social capital

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