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The Next GenerationImmigrant Youth in a Comparative Perspective$
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Richard Alba and Mary C. Waters

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780814707425

Published to NYU Press Scholarship Online: March 2016

DOI: 10.18574/nyu/9780814707425.001.0001

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How Do Educational Systems Integrate?

How Do Educational Systems Integrate?

Integration of Second-Generation Turks in Germany, France, the Netherlands, and Austria

(p.269) 13 How Do Educational Systems Integrate?
The Next Generation

Maurice Crul

NYU Press

This chapter addresses in four national contexts—Austria, France, Germany, and the Netherlands—how formally stratified school systems affect the educational outcomes of second-generation Turks. A comparison of only educational outcomes seems in one way to favor France and the Netherlands, where the second generation goes further in school, an advantage that seems attributable to differences associated with formal stratification. However, early departure from school is also higher in France and the Netherlands, and the risk of unemployment for dropouts is very high; in Austria and Germany, by contrast, the apprenticeship system provides a stronger link to the labor market for those with limited educations, and this has favored the emergence of a large skilled blue-collar stratum in the second generation. In the end, which type of system will foster more successful integration in the long run remains unclear.

Keywords:   Austria, France, Germany, the Netherlands, formal stratification, school systems, second-generation Turks, educational outcomes, social integration

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