This chapter focuses on Albania’s role in the Kosovo war of 1998–1999. The ceasefire in Kosovo, combined with international monitors, benefited the Kosovo Liberation Army (KLA). Slobodan Milosevic also used the time to rearm, apparently thinking he could resist international pressure and repel the KLA challenge with force. The Kosovo conflict ended on June 9, 1999, when Milosevic signed an agreement on the withdrawal of Serbian and Yugoslav forces from Kosovo, the entrance of North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) troops, and the province’s administration by the United Nations. In Kosovo, the KLA established a provisional government and tried to assert control. In 2010, a Council of Europe report accused the KLA’s so-called Drenica Group of post-war abductions, killings, and a “handful” of organ theft cases in Albania, plus ties to organized crime. Kosovo found itself fighting a new war: the fight against corruption.
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