This chapter focuses on Albania’s clandestine support of the Kosovo Liberation Army (KLA) during the Kosovo war of 1998–1999. On March 5, 1998, Serbian forces attacked Adem Jashari, a local KLA fighter in the nearby village of Prekaz, killing him and an estimated forty-two members of his family. The killings incited Albanians in Kosovo and drove villagers to join the KLA. Prime Minister Fatos Nano agreed that the Albanian intelligence service could continue its clandestine support of the KLA, but the government could not be publicly involved. According to the formula, Albanian diplomacy supported mediation efforts with Ibrahim Rugova, while trying to convince Europe and the United States to trust the KLA. Meanwhile, Albania’s Shërbimi Informativ Kombëtar (SHIK) continued to help the KLA organize and arm. The KLA, for its part, tried to fulfill the three promises it had made to the Central Intelligence Agency: no actions outside Kosovo, no Islamic help, and no funding from drugs.
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