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Modern AlbaniaFrom Dictatorship to Democracy in Europe$
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Fred C. Abrahams

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780814705117

Published to NYU Press Scholarship Online: March 2016

DOI: 10.18574/nyu/9780814705117.001.0001

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Illegal but Necessary

Illegal but Necessary

(p.232) 14 Illegal but Necessary
Modern Albania

Fred C. Abrahams

NYU Press

This chapter focuses on the Albanian government’s crackdown on militant Islamists in cooperation with the United States. The Clinton administration was forced to work with the communist-led Albania because of its desire to maintain stability in the country and the region more generally. In October 1998, Albanian Prime Minister Fatos Nano traveled to the United States to meet Secretary of State Madeleine Albright. Albania was about to become a modest but eager participant in the U.S.-led “war on terror.” With help from the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), Albania’s Shërbimi Informativ Kombëtar (SHIK, National Information Service) bugged telephones and confiscated computers and documents from suspect Islamic organizations. In June and July 1998, SHIK captured five suspected members of Egyptian Islamic Jihad. The trial was held in Egypt, the country’s largest terrorism trial since the government had tried members of Egyptian Islamic Jihad for the assassination of Anwar Sadat in 1981.

Keywords:   militant Islamists, United States, Albania, Fatos Nano, war on terror, Central Intelligence Agency, Islamic Jihad, Egypt, terrorism, Shërbimi Informativ Kombëtar

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