This chapter focuses on Albanian President Sali Berisha’s fall from power. On April 10, 1994, a small group of armed men opened fire towards an Albanian army outpost near the southern village of Peshkopia, killing two soldiers and seriously wounding three. An organization called the Northern Epirus Liberation Front claimed responsibility. On April 18, Albanian police arrested more than thirty members of the Greek minority. In retaliation, Greek police rounded up and expelled 20,000 Albanian immigrants working illegally in Athens and other cities. This chapter examines Albania’s friction with Greece and the United States; Berisha’s support for Albanians fighting in Kosovo and his dispute with U.S. National Security Council official Richard Schifter; the referendum for a new constitution on November 6, 1994; the Socialist Party’s boycott of the May 1996 parliamentary elections due to alleged manipulation by the Democratic Party; and the local elections of October 1996.
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