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Modern AlbaniaFrom Dictatorship to Democracy in Europe$
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Fred C. Abrahams

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780814705117

Published to NYU Press Scholarship Online: March 2016

DOI: 10.18574/nyu/9780814705117.001.0001

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The System Shakes

The System Shakes

(p.41) 3 The System Shakes
Modern Albania

Fred C. Abrahams

NYU Press

This chapter focuses on the widespread discontent that swept Albania under President Ramiz Alia, who attributed the discord to the counter-revolutionary forces that were trying to destabilize the country. It first considers the exodus of thousands of Albanians who sought asylum in different countries such as Italy, France, Yugoslavia, Greece. and Germany. Politburo members and Sigurimi agents believed that the exodus was part of subversive plots supported by foreign governments. The state media attacked the asylum seekers as “hooligans” and “ex-convicts.” Alia responded to the crisis by proposing a new concept called “pluralism of thought.” In a press conference before the foreign press, Alia declared that “Albania will follow the way of freedom, independence and socialism.”

Keywords:   asylum, Albania, Ramiz Alia, Italy, Germany, Politburo, asylum seekers, pluralism of thought

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